Reset Price Inflation and the Impact of Monetary Policy Shocks
A standard state-dependent pricing model generates little monetary non-neutrality. Two ways of generating more meaningful real effects are time-dependent pricing and strategic complementarities. These mechanisms have telltale implications for the persistence and volatility of "reset price inflation." Reset price inflation is the rate of change of all desired prices (including for goods that have not changed price in the current period). Using the micro data underpinning the CPI, we construct an empirical measure of reset price inflation. We find that time-dependent models imply unrealistically high persistence and stability of reset price inflation. This discrepancy is exacerbated by adding strategic complementarities, even under state-dependent pricing. A state-dependent model with no strategic complementarities aligns most closely with the data.
This research was conducted with restricted access to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) data. Rob McClelland provided us invaluable assistance and guidance in using BLS data. We thank Jose Mustre Del Rio for excellent research assistance. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the BLS or the Federal Reserve System. We are grateful to Carlos Carvalho, Jon Steinsson, and numerous seminar participants for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Mark Bils & Peter J. Klenow & Benjamin A. Malin, 2012. "Reset Price Inflation and the Impact of Monetary Policy Shocks," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(6), pages 2798-2825, October. citation courtesy of