The Impact of Research Grant Funding on Scientific Productivity
In this paper, we estimate the impact of receiving an NIH grant on subsequent publications and citations. Our sample consists of all applications (unsuccessful as well as successful) to the NIH from 1980 to 2000 for postdoctoral training grants (F32s) and standard research grants (R01s). Both OLS and regression discontinuity estimates show that receipt of either an NIH postdoctoral fellowship or research grant leads to about one additional publication over the next five years. The estimates represent about 20 and 7 percent increases in research productivity for F32 and R01 recipients respectively. The limited research impact of NIH grants may be explained in part by a model in which the market for research funding is competitive, so that the loss of an NIH grant simply causes researchers to shift to another source of funding.
We would like to thank Andrew Arnott, Andrew Canter, Jessica Goldberg, Lisa Kolovich, J.D. LaRock, Stephanie Rennae and Thomas Wei for their excellent research assistance. We thank Richard Suzman, Robin Barr, Wally Schafer, Lyn Neil, Georgeanne Patmios, Angie-Chon Lee, Don McMaster, Vaishali Joshi and others at NIH for their assistance. We gratefully acknowledge support provided by NIH Express Evaluation Award 263-MD-514421. All remaining errors are our own. Jacob can be contacted at: Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan, 735 S. State Street, Ann Arbor, 48109-3091; email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Lefgren can be contacted at: Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, 130 Faculty Office Building, Provo, UT 84602-2363; email: email@example.com. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Jacob, Brian A. & Lefgren, Lars, 2011. "The impact of research grant funding on scientific productivity," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(9-10), pages 1168-1177, October. citation courtesy of