How Does the Government (Want to) Fund Science? Politics, Lobbying and Academic Earmarks
This paper examines academic earmarks and their role in the funding of university research. It provides a summary and review of the evidence on the supply of earmarks by legislators. It then discusses the role of university lobbying for earmarks on the demand side. Finally, the paper examines the impact of earmarks on research quantity and quality.
The authors would like to thank Abigail Payne and the participants at the Cornell Higher Education Research Institute Conference for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
de Figueiredo, John M., and Brian S. Silverman (2007). “How Do We (Want to) Fund Science? Politics, Lobbying, and Academic Earmarks,” in Ronald Ehrenberg (ed). Science and the University. (University of Wisconsin Press: Madison, WI.).