Women, Work, and Culture
This paper discusses some recent advances in the area of culture and economics and examines the effect of culture on a key economic outcome: female labor supply. To separate the effect of market variables and institutions from culture, I use an epidemiological approach, studying second-generation American women. I use both female LFP and attitudes in the women's country of ancestry as cultural proxies and show that both cultural proxies have quantitatively significant effects on women's work outcomes. The paper concludes with some suggestions for future empirical and theoretical research topics in this area.
The material in this paper constituted the basis for my Marshall Lecture at the European Economic Association, Vienna 2006. I wish to thank Liz Potamites for excellent research assistance and an anonymous referee for helpful suggestions. I wish to thank the NSF for financial support This research was completed while I was a Visiting Scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.