The Expanding Workweek? Understanding Trends in Long Work Hours Among U.S. Men, 1979-2004
According to Census and CPS data, the share of employed American men regularly working more than 48 hours per week is higher today than it was 25 years ago. Using CPS data from 1979 to 2006, we show that this increase was greatest among highly educated, highly-paid, and older men, was concentrated in the 1980s, and was largely confined to workers paid on a salaried basis. We rule out a number of possible explanations of these changes, including changes in measurement, composition effects, and internet-facilitated work from home. Among salaried men, increases in long work hours were greatest in detailed occupations and industries with larger increases in residual wage inequality and slowly-growing real compensation at 'standard' (40) hours.
The authors thank seminar participants at UCSB; the University of Victoria; University of Texas; Princeton University; Stanford University; the NIOSH-University of Maryland National Conference on Long Working Hours, Safety and Health; the Trans-Pacific Labor Seminar at UCSB; and the UC Merced conference on Rising Earnings Inequality for helpful comments. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Peter Kuhn & Fernando Lozano, 2008. "The Expanding Workweek? Understanding Trends in Long Work Hours among U.S. Men, 1979-2006," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 311-343, 04.