Managing Macroeconomic Crises
This study reviews broadly the experience of the last decade on crisis prevention and management. It seeks to draw greater attention to policy decisions that are made during the phase when capital inflows come to a sudden stop. Procrastination---the period of financing a balance of payments deficit rather than adjusting---had serious consequences in some cases. Crises are more frequent and more severe when short-term borrowing and dollar denomination external debt are high, and foreign direct investment (FDI) and reserves are low, in large part because balance sheets are then very sensitive to increases in exchange rates and short-term interest rates. If countries that are faced with a fall in inflows adjusted more promptly, rather than stalling for time by running down reserves or shifting to loans that are shorter-termed and dollar-denominated, they might be able to adjust on more attractive terms.
Aizenman, Joshua and Brian Pinto (eds.) Managing Economic Volatility and Crises: A Practitioner’s Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.