Government Guarantees and the Valuation of American Banks
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Chapter in NBER book NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2018, volume 33 (2019), Martin Eichenbaum and Jonathan A. Parker, editors (p. 81 - 145)
Banks' ratio of the market value to book value of their equity was close to 1 until the 1990s, then more than doubled during the 1996-2007 period, and fell again to values close to 1 after the 2008 financial crisis. Sarin and Summers (2016) and Chousakos and Gorton (2017) argue that the drop in banks' market-to-book ratio since the crisis is due to a loss in bank franchise value or profitability. In this paper we argue that banks' market-to-book ratio is the sum of two components: franchise value and the value of government guarantees. We empirically decompose the ratio between these two components and find that a large portion of the variation in this ratio over time is due to changes in the value of government guarantees.This chapter is no longer available for free download, since the book has been published. To obtain a copy, you must buy the book.
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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.1086/700893This chapter first appeared as NBER working paper w24706, Government Guarantees and the Valuation of American Banks, Andrew G. Atkeson, Adrien d'Avernas, Andrea L. Eisfeldt, Pierre-Olivier Weill
Commentary on this chapter:
Comment, Juliane Begenau
Comment, Lawrence H. Summers