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About the Author(s)

Kenneth Gillingham Profile

Kenneth Gillingham is a research associate in the NBER’s Environment and Energy Economics Program. He is a professor of economics at Yale University, with a primary appointment in the School of the Environment and secondary appointments in the Economics Department and School of Management. He is an associate editor of The Review of Economics and Statistics.

Gillingham’s research interests are in the economics of the environment and energy, with a particular focus on transportation, new technologies, and energy efficiency. He is especially interested in using tools of modeling consumer and firm behavior from the fields of applied microeconomics and industrial organization to investigate the effects of environmental regulations. He also has work modeling the economics of climate change.

Gillingham received an AB in economics and environmental studies from Dartmouth College and MS and PhD degrees from Stanford University. He spent a year in New Zealand studying economics on a Fulbright Fellowship in 2006 and served as the senior economist for energy and the environment at the White House Council of Economic Advisers in 2015–16. He was a wilderness ranger in Wyoming before beginning his career as an economist. He lives in Connecticut with his wife and two sons.


1. US Bureau of Labor Statistics Economic News Release,   Go to ⤴︎
2. US Environmental Protection Aghency Green Vehicle Guide,   Go to ⤴︎
3. Flawed Analyses of US Auto Fuel Economy Standards,” Bento A, et al. Science 362(6419), December 2018, pp. 1119–1121.   Go to ⤴︎
4. Consumer Myopia in Vehicle Purchases: Evidence from a Natural Experiment,” Gillingham K, Houde S, Van Benthem A. NBER Working Paper 25845, May 2019, and American Economic Journal: Economic Policy 13(3), August 2021, pp. 207–238.   Go to ⤴︎
5. Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases,” Busse M, Knittel C, Zettelmeyer F. American Economic Review 103(1), February 2013, pp. 220–256. “Do Consumers Recognize the Value of Fuel Economy? Evidence from Used Car Prices and Gasoline Price Fluctuations,” Sallee J, West S, Fan W. NBER Working Paper 21441, July 2015, and Journal of Public Economics 135, March 2016, pp. 61–73.   Go to ⤴︎
6. Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-offs and Technological Progress in the Automobile Sector,” Knittel C. NBER Working Paper 15162, July 2009, and American Economic Review 101(7), December 2011, pp. 3368–3399.   Go to ⤴︎
7. Attribute Substitution in Household Vehicle Portfolios,” Archsmith J, Gillingham K, Knittel C, Rapson D. NBER Working Paper 23856, September 2017, and RAND Journal of Economics 51(4), December 2020, pp. 1162–1196.   Go to ⤴︎
8. The Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Vehicle Weight Dispersion and Accident Fatalities,” Bento A, Gillingham K, Roth K. NBER Working Paper 23340, April 2017.   Go to ⤴︎
9. Pounds That Kill: The External Costs of Vehicle Weight,” Anderson M, Auffhammer M. NBER Working Paper 17170, June 2011, and Review of Economic Studies 81(2), April 2014, pp. 535–571.   Go to ⤴︎
10. The Rebound Effect and the Proposed Rollback of US Fuel Economy Standards,” Gillingham K. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 14(1), Winter 2020, pp. 136–142.   Go to ⤴︎
11. A Tale of Two Tails: Commuting and the Fuel Price Response in Driving,” Gillingham K, Munk-Nielsen A. NBER Working Paper 22937, December 2016, and Journal of Urban Economics 109, January 2019, pp. 27–40.   Go to ⤴︎
12. Designing Fuel-Economy Standards in Light of Electric Vehicles,“ Gillingham K. NBER Working Paper 29067, July 2021.     Go to ⤴︎
13. Equilibrium Trade in Automobile Markets,” Gillingham K, Iskhakov F, Munk-Nielsen A, Rus J, Schjerning B. NBER Working Paper 25840, May 2019. Forthcoming in Journal of Political Economy.   Go to ⤴︎

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