NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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NBER Papers on Labor Studies Program

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2020
w26684 Olivia S. Mitchell
Stephen Utkus

Target Date Funds and Portfolio Choice in 401(k) Plans
w26681 Daron Acemoglu
Pascual Restrepo

Unpacking Skill Bias: Automation and New Tasks
w26680 Peter Q. Blair
David J. Deming

Structural Increases in Skill Demand after the Great Recession
w26679 Jeffrey Clemens
Parker Rogers

Demand Shocks, Procurement Policies, and the Nature of Medical Innovation: Evidence from Wartime Prosthetic Device Patents
w26678 Qing Hu
Ross Levine
Chen Lin
Mingzhu Tai

Finance and Children's Academic Performance
w26676 Shalise Ayromloo
Benjamin Feigenberg
Darren Lubotsky

States Taking the Reins? Employment Verification Requirements and Local Labor Market Outcomes
w26674 Gordon B. Dahl
Cristina Felfe
Paul Frijters
Helmut Rainer

Caught between Cultures: Unintended Consequences of Improving Opportunity for Immigrant Girls
w26672 David Romer
In Praise of Confidence Intervals
w26660 Jason Sandvik
Richard Saouma
Nathan Seegert
Christopher T. Stanton

Workplace Knowledge Flows
w26659 Janet Currie
John Voorheis
Reed Walker

What Caused Racial Disparities in Particulate Exposure to Fall? New Evidence from the Clean Air Act and Satellite-Based Measures of Air Quality
w26658 Debraj Ray ⓡ
Dilip Mookherjee

Growth, Automation and the Long Run Share of Labor
w26653 Marta Lachowska
Alexandre Mas
Raffaele D. Saggio
Stephen A. Woodbury

Do Firm Effects Drift? Evidence from Washington Administrative Data
w26642 David G. Blanchflower
Unhappiness and age
w26641 David G. Blanchflower
Is Happiness U-shaped Everywhere? Age and Subjective Well-being in 132 Countries
w26638 Hannes Schwandt
Till M. von Wachter

Socioeconomic Decline and Death: Midlife Impacts of Graduating in a Recession
w26634 Giovanni Dosi
Richard B. Freeman
Marcelo C. Pereira
Andrea Roventini
Maria Enrica Virgillito

The Impact of Deunionization on the Growth and Dispersion of Productivity and Pay
w26632 Fabian Eckert
Teresa C. Fort
Peter K. Schott
Natalie J. Yang

Imputing Missing Values in the US Census Bureau's County Business Patterns
w26627 Moshe A. Barach
John J. Horton

How Do Employers Use Compensation History?: Evidence From a Field Experiment
w26625 Rodrigo Adão
Martin Beraja
Nitya Pandalai-Nayar

Technological Transitions with Skill Heterogeneity Across Generations
w26624 Maxwell Kellogg
Magne Mogstad
Guillaume Pouliot
Alexander Torgovitsky

Combining Matching and Synthetic Controls to Trade off Biases from Extrapolation and Interpolation
w26623 David Neumark
Age Discrimination in Hiring: Evidence from Age-Blind vs. Non-Age-Blind Hiring Procedures
w26622 Anne A. Brenøe
Serena P. Canaan
Nikolaj A. Harmon
Heather N. Royer

Is Parental Leave Costly for Firms and Coworkers?
w26621 Charles Yuji Horioka
Emin Gahramanov
Aziz Hayat
Xueli Tang

The Impact of Bequest Motives on Retirement Behavior in Japan: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis
w26619 Lamar Pierce
Alex Rees-Jones
Charlotte Blank

The Negative Consequences of Loss-Framed Performance Incentives
w26617 Claudia Goldin
Sari Pekkala Kerr
Claudia Olivetti

Why Firms Offer Paid Parental Leave: An Exploratory Study
w26614 Aboozar Hadavand
Daniel S. Hamermesh
Wesley W. Wilson

Is Scholarly Refereeing Productive (at the Margin)?
w26612 Katharine G. Abraham
Brad Hershbein
Susan Houseman

Contract Work at Older Ages
w26605 Alexandre Mas
Amanda Pallais

Alternative Work Arrangements
w26603 Cailin R. Slattery
Owen M. Zidar

Evaluating State and Local Business Tax Incentives
w26601 Chiara Farronato
Andrey Fradkin
Bradley Larsen
Erik Brynjolfsson

Consumer Protection in an Online World: An Analysis of Occupational Licensing
2019
w26594 Richard Hornbeck
Martin Rotemberg

Railroads, Reallocation, and the Rise of American Manufacturing
w26590 Michael Lokshin
Martin Ravallion

A Market for Work Permits
w26584 Joshua Angrist
Brigham Frandsen

Machine Labor
w26580 Patrick J. Kehoe
Pierlauro Lopez
Virgiliu Midrigan
Elena Pastorino

Asset Prices and Unemployment Fluctuations
w26577 Bryan S. Graham
Network Data
w26571 Lev Drucker
Katya Mazirov
David Neumark

Who Pays for and Who Benefits from Minimum Wage Increases? Evidence from Israeli Tax Data on Business Owners and Workers
w26566 Susan Athey
Guido W. Imbens
Jonas Metzger
Evan M. Munro

Using Wasserstein Generative Adversarial Networks for the Design of Monte Carlo Simulations
w26563 Maya Rossin-Slater
Molly Schnell
Hannes Schwandt
Sam Trejo
Lindsey Uniat

Local Exposure to School Shootings and Youth Antidepressant Use
w26562 Karthik Muralidharan
Mauricio Romero
Kaspar Wüthrich

Factorial Designs, Model Selection, and (Incorrect) Inference in Randomized Experiments
w26552 Ian Burn
Patrick Button
Luis Felipe Munguia Corella
David Neumark

Older Workers Need Not Apply? Ageist Language in Job Ads and Age Discrimination in Hiring
w26548 German Cubas
Chinhui Juhn
Pedro Silos

Coordinated Work Schedules and the Gender Wage Gap
w26536 Ran Abramitzky
Philipp Ager
Leah Platt Boustan
Elior Cohen
Casper W. Hansen

The Effects of Immigration on the Economy: Lessons from the 1920s Border Closure
w26532 Richard V. Burkhauser
Kevin Corinth
James Elwell
Jeff Larrimore

Evaluating the Success of President Johnson's War on Poverty: Revisiting the Historical Record Using a Full-Income Poverty Measure
w26531 Christopher R. Knittel
Samuel Stolper

Using Machine Learning to Target Treatment: The Case of Household Energy Use
w26530 Zoë B. Cullen
Ricardo Perez-Truglia

The Old Boys' Club: Schmoozing and the Gender Gap
w26527 Conchita D'Ambrosio
Giorgia Menta
Edward N. Wolff

Income and Wealth Volatility: Evidence from Italy and the U.S. in the Past Two Decades
w26525 Brendan Moore
Judith Scott-Clayton

The Firm's Role in Displaced Workers' Earnings Losses
w26523 Sudheer Chava
Alexander Oettl
Manpreet Singh

Does a One-Size-Fits-All Minimum Wage Cause Financial Stress for Small Businesses?
w26519 Simon Jäger
Benjamin Schoefer
Jörg Heining

Labor in the Boardroom
w26515 Eric Chyn
Kareem Haggag

Moved to Vote: The Long-Run Effects of Neighborhoods on Political Participation
w26513 Hamish Low
Luigi Pistaferri

Disability Insurance: Error Rates and Gender Differences
w26510 Robert M. Lantis
Erik T. Nesson

Hot Shots: An Analysis of the 'Hot Hand' in NBA Field Goal and Free Throw Shooting
w26504 Lucie Schmidt
Lara Shore-Sheppard
Tara Watson

The Impact of Expanding Public Health Insurance on Safety Net Program Participation: Evidence from the ACA Medicaid Expansion
w26502 Joshua Goodman
Michael Hurwitz
Christine Mulhern
Jonathan Smith

O Brother, Where Start Thou? Sibling Spillovers in College Enrollment
w26498 John Beshears
James J. Choi
Mark Iwry
David John
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian

Building Emergency Savings Through Employer-Sponsored Rainy-day Savings Accounts
w26491 Jason Fletcher
Jinho Kim
Jenna Nobles
Stephen Ross
Irina Shaorshadze

The Effects of Foreign-Born Peers in US High Schools and Middle Schools
w26487 M. Keith Chen
Kareem Haggag
Devin G. Pope
Ryne Rohla

Racial Disparities in Voting Wait Times: Evidence from Smartphone Data
w26484 Joyce He
Sonia Kang
Nicola Lacetera

Leaning In or Not Leaning Out? Opt-Out Choice Framing Attenuates Gender Differences in the Decision to Compete
w26483 Enrico Moretti
Claudia Steinwender
John Van Reenen

The Intellectual Spoils of War? Defense R&D, Productivity and International Spillovers
w26477 Paul Gaggl
Rowena Gray
Ioana Marinescu
Miguel Morin

Does Electricity Drive Structural Transformation? Evidence from the United States
w26467 David C. Chan Jr
Matthew Gentzkow
Chuan Yu

Selection with Variation in Diagnostic Skill: Evidence from Radiologists
w26466 Chunzan Wu
Dirk Krueger

Consumption Insurance Against Wage Risk: Family Labor Supply and Optimal Progressive Income Taxation
w26463 Susan Athey
Raj Chetty
Guido W. Imbens
Hyunseung Kang

The Surrogate Index: Combining Short-Term Proxies to Estimate Long-Term Treatment Effects More Rapidly and Precisely
w26462 David Neumark
Luis Felipe Munguia Corella

Do Minimum Wages Reduce Employment in Developing Countries? A Survey and Exploration of Conflicting Evidence
w26459 James J. Heckman
Tomáš Jagelka
Timothy D. Kautz

Some Contributions of Economics to the Study of Personality
w26456 Peter Arcidiacono
Josh Kinsler
Tyler Ransom

Recruit to Reject? Harvard and African American Applicants
w26454 Ole Agersnap
Amalie Sofie Jensen
Henrik Kleven

The Welfare Magnet Hypothesis: Evidence From an Immigrant Welfare Scheme in Denmark
w26453 Nicolas A. Roys
Christopher R. Taber

Skill Prices, Occupations, and Changes in the Wage Structure for Low Skilled Men
w26442 Jason Fletcher
Katie M. Jajtner

Intergenerational Health Mobility: Magnitudes and Importance of Schools and Place
w26439 James Elwell
Kevin Corinth
Richard V. Burkhauser

Income Growth and its Distribution from Eisenhower to Obama: The Growing Importance of In-Kind Transfers (1959-2016)
w26437 Vanya Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

How Would 401(k) 'Rothification' Alter Saving, Retirement Security, and Inequality?
w26433 Mark Borgschulte
Heepyung Cho
Darren Lubotsky

Partisanship and Survey Refusal
w26428 Edward P. Lazear
Productivity and Wages: Common Factors and Idiosyncrasies Across Countries and Industries
w26425 Chao Fu
Shoya Ishimaru
John Kennan

Government Expenditure on the Public Education System
w26424 Victor Chernozhukov
Jerry A. Hausman
Whitney K. Newey

Demand Analysis with Many Prices
w26421 J. Rodrigo Fuentes
Edward E. Leamer

Effort: The Unrecognized Contributor to US Income Inequality
w26420 Ran Abramitzky
Victor Lavy
Maayan Segev

The Effect of Changes in the Skill Premium on College Degree Attainment and the Choice of Major
w26416 Martha J. Bailey
Tanya S. Byker
Elena Patel
Shanthi Ramnath

The Long-Term Effects of California's 2004 Paid Family Leave Act on Women's Careers: Evidence from U.S. Tax Data
w26414 William J. Collins
Ariell Zimran

Immigrants' Changing Labor Market Assimilation in the United States during the Age of Mass Migration
w26412 Daniel S. Hamermesh
Rachel A. Gordon
Robert Crosnoe

O Youth and Beauty: Children's Looks and Children's Cognitive Development
w26410 Jeremy Greenwood
Nezih Guner
Karen A. Kopecky

The Wife's Protector: A Quantitative Theory Linking Contraceptive Technology with the Decline in Marriage
w26408 Ran Abramitzky
Leah Platt Boustan
Elisa Jácome
Santiago Pérez

Intergenerational Mobility of Immigrants in the US over Two Centuries
w26407 James J. Feigenbaum
Hui Ren Tan

The Return to Education in the Mid-20th Century: Evidence from Twins
w26406 Vanya Horneff
Daniel Liebler
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Implications of Money-Back Guarantees for Individual Retirement Accounts: Protection Then and Now
w26405 Henrik Kleven
The EITC and the Extensive Margin: A Reappraisal
w26401 Kerwin Kofi Charles
Matthew S. Johnson
Melvin Stephens Jr.
Do Q. Lee

Demand Conditions and Worker Safety: Evidence from Price Shocks in Mining
w26399 Jongkwan Lee
Giovanni Peri
Vasil Yasenov

The Labor Market Effects of Mexican Repatriations: Longitudinal Evidence from the 1930s
w26395 Matthew J. Neidell
Shinsuke Uchida
Marcella Veronesi

Be Cautious with the Precautionary Principle: Evidence from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident
w26392 Stephen G. Dimmock
Jiekun Huang
Scott J. Weisbenner

Give Me Your Tired, Your Poor, Your High-Skilled Labor: H-1B Lottery Outcomes and Entrepreneurial Success
w26391 Emmanuel Saez
Benjamin Schoefer
David Seim

Hysteresis from Employer Subsidies
w26390 Gharad Bryan
Edward Glaeser
Nick Tsivanidis

Cities in the Developing World
w26387 Enrico Moretti
Daniel J. Wilson

Taxing Billionaires: Estate Taxes and the Geographical Location of the Ultra-Wealthy
w26383 Morris M. Kleiner
Evan J. Soltas

A Welfare Analysis of Occupational Licensing in U.S. States
w26378 C. Y. Kelvin Yuen
Ping Wang

Minimum Wage in a Multi-Tier Search and Wage-Posting Model with Cross-Market Substitutions
w26377 Robert W. Fairlie
Frank M. Fossen

Defining Opportunity versus Necessity Entrepreneurship: Two Components of Business Creation
w26371 Steven J. Davis
John C. Haltiwanger
Kyle Handley
Ben Lipsius
Josh Lerner
Javier Miranda

The Economic Effects of Private Equity Buyouts
w26366 Nava Ashraf
Alexia Delfino
Edward L. Glaeser

Rule of Law and Female Entrepreneurship
w26358 Ayal Y. Chen-Zion
James E. Rauch

History Dependence, Cohort Attachment, and Job Referrals in Networks of Close Relationships
w26352 Hitoshi Shigeoka
Long-Term Consequences of Growing up in a Recession on Risk Preferences
w26350 Hanming Fang
Andrew J. Shephard

Household Labor Search, Spousal Insurance, and Health Care Reform
w26348 Carolyn Sloane
Erik Hurst
Dan Black

A Cross-Cohort Analysis of Human Capital Specialization and the College Gender Wage Gap
w26346 Abhijit Banerjee
Emily Breza
Esther Duflo
Cynthia Kinnan

Can Microfinance Unlock a Poverty Trap for Some Entrepreneurs?
w26345 Christine L. Exley
Judd B. Kessler

The Gender Gap in Self-Promotion
w26343 Dhaval M. Dave
Muzhe Yang

Maternal and Fetal Health Effects of Working during Pregnancy
w26340 Antoine Arnoud
Fatih Guvenen
Tatjana Kleineberg

Benchmarking Global Optimizers
w26335 Yifan Gong
Lance Lochner
Ralph Stinebrickner
Todd R. Stinebrickner

The Consumption Value of College
w26334 Yifan Gong
Ralph Stinebrickner
Todd R. Stinebrickner

Marriage, Children, and Labor Supply: Beliefs and Outcomes
w26325 Michael Baker
Kirsten Cornelson

The Tall and the Short of the Returns to Height
w26319 Costas Cavounidis
Kevin Lang
Russell Weinstein

The Boss is Watching: How Monitoring Decisions Hurt Black Workers
w26313 Gaurav Khanna
Carlos Medina
Anant Nyshadham
Christian Posso
Jorge A. Tamayo

Job Loss, Credit and Crime in Colombia
w26301 Job Boerma
Loukas Karabarbounis

Labor Market Trends and the Changing Value of Time
w26295 Matthew E. Kahn
Joseph Tracy

Monopsony in Spatial Equilibrium
w26294 Erica M. Field
Rohini Pande
Natalia Rigol
Simone G. Schaner
Charity Troyer Moore

On Her Own Account: How Strengthening Women's Financial Control Affects Labor Supply and Gender Norms
w26286 Erwin Bulte
John A. List
Daan Van Soest

Toward an Understanding of the Welfare Effects of Nudges: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Uganda
w26284 Fatih Guvenen
Gueorgui Kambourov
Burhanettin Kuruscu
Sergio Ocampo-Diaz
Daphne Chen

Use It or Lose It: Efficiency Gains from Wealth Taxation
w26282 Clément de Chaisemartin
Luc Behaghel

Estimating the Effect of Treatments Allocated by Randomized Waiting Lists.
w26281 Richard Blundell
Ran Gu
Søren Leth-Petersen
Hamish Low
Costas Meghir

Durables and Lemons: Private Information and the Market for Cars
w26271 Conrad Miller
Jennifer Peck
Mehmet Seflek

Integration Costs and Missing Women in Firms
w26270 Enrico Moretti
The Effect of High-Tech Clusters on the Productivity of Top Inventors
w26252 Lee G. Branstetter
Brian K. Kovak
Jacqueline Mauro
Ana Venancio

The China Shock and Employment in Portuguese Firms
w26244 Patrick Kline
Raffaele Saggio
Mikkel Sølvsten

Leave-out Estimation of Variance Components
w26239 Gregor Jarosch
Jan Sebastian Nimczik
Isaac Sorkin

Granular Search, Market Structure, and Wages
w26238 Andrew Goodman-Bacon
Jamein P. Cunningham

Changes in Family Structure and Welfare Participation Since the 1960s: The Role of Legal Services
w26227 Joseph Price
Kasey Buckles
Jacob Van Leeuwen
Isaac Riley

Combining Family History and Machine Learning to Link Historical Records
w26225 Michael Roach
Henry Sauermann
John Skrentny

Are Foreign Stem PhDs More Entrepreneurial? Entrepreneurial Characteristics, Preferences and Employment Outcomes of Native and Foreign Science & Engineering PhD Students
w26222 Daniel Hedblom
Brent R. Hickman
John A. List

Toward an Understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility: Theory and Field Experimental Evidence
w26218 Nicholas Bloom
Philip Bunn
Scarlet Chen
Paul Mizen
Pawel Smietanka
Gregory Thwaites

The Impact of Brexit on UK Firms
w26203 Gaurav Khanna
Carlos Medina
Anant Nyshadham
Jorge A. Tamayo

Formal Employment and Organized Crime: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Colombia
w26190 Eric V. Edmonds
Caroline B. Theoharides

The Short Term Impact of a Productive Asset Transfer in Families with Child Labor: Experimental Evidence from the Philippines
w26187 Michael Luca
Deepak Malhotra
Christopher Poliquin

The Impact of Mass Shootings on Gun Policy
w26185 Shing-Yi Wang
The Labor Supply Consequences of Having a Boy in China
w26180 William Morrison
Dmitry Taubinsky

Rules of Thumb and Attention Elasticities: Evidence from Under- and Overreaction to Taxes
w26179 Peter J. Kuhn
Lizi Yu

How Costly is Turnover? Evidence from Retail
w26174 Douglas L. Miller
Na’ama Shenhav
Michel Z. Grosz

Selection into Identification in Fixed Effects Models, with Application to Head Start
w26168 Sendhil Mullainathan
Ziad Obermeyer

A Machine Learning Approach to Low-Value Health Care: Wasted Tests, Missed Heart Attacks and Mis-Predictions
w26164 Peter Bergman
Raj Chetty
Stefanie DeLuca
Nathaniel Hendren
Lawrence F. Katz
Christopher Palmer

Creating Moves to Opportunity: Experimental Evidence on Barriers to Neighborhood Choice
w26161 Mariana Carrera
Heather Royer
Mark Stehr
Justin Sydnor
Dmitry Taubinsky

How are Preferences For Commitment Revealed?
w26158 Kelli A. Bird
Benjamin L. Castleman
Jeffrey T. Denning
Joshua Goodman
Cait Lamberton
Kelly Ochs Rosinger

Nudging at Scale: Experimental Evidence from FAFSA Completion Campaigns
w26151 Brian G. Knight
Nathan M. Schiff

Reducing Frictions in College Admissions: Evidence from the Common Application
w26149 Bradley Setzler
Felix Tintelnot

The Effects of Foreign Multinationals on Workers and Firms in the United States
w26144 Nathaniel Hendren
Ben Sprung-Keyser

A Unified Welfare Analysis of Government Policies
w26139 John Eric Humphries
Nicholas S. Mader
Daniel I. Tannenbaum
Winnie L. van Dijk

Does Eviction Cause Poverty? Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Cook County, IL
w26137 Joshua D. Angrist
Parag A. Pathak
Román Andrés Zárate

Choice and Consequence: Assessing Mismatch at Chicago Exam Schools
w26135 Robert Kaestner
Engy Ziedan

Mortality and Socioeconomic Consequences of Prescription Opioids: Evidence from State Policies
w26130 Anton Korinek
Integrating Ethical Values and Economic Value to Steer Progress in Artificial Intelligence
w26110 Jeremy Burke
Julian Jamison
Dean Karlan
Kata Mihaly
Jonathan Zinman

Credit Building or Credit Crumbling? A Credit Builder Loan's Effects on Consumer Behavior, Credit Scores and Their Predictive Power
w26104 Guido Imbens
Potential Outcome and Directed Acyclic Graph Approaches to Causality: Relevance for Empirical Practice in Economics
w26103 Marika Cabral
Can Cui
Michael Dworsky

What is the Rationale for an Insurance Coverage Mandate? Evidence from Workers' Compensation Insurance
w26101 José Azar
Emiliano Huet-Vaughn
Ioana Marinescu
Bledi Taska
Till von Wachter

Minimum Wage Employment Effects and Labor Market Concentration
w26093 Marc A. C. Hafstead
Roberton C. Williams III

Jobs and Environmental Regulation
w26087 Pamela Giustinelli
Matthew D. Shapiro

SeaTE: Subjective ex ante Treatment Effect of Health on Retirement
w26082 Costas Meghir
Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak
Corina D. Mommaerts
Melanie Morten

Migration and Informal Insurance
w26070 Austan Goolsbee
Chad Syverson

Monopsony Power in Higher Education: A Tale of Two Tracks
w26064 Jennifer Hunt
Ryan Nunn

Is Employment Polarization Informative About Wage Inequality and Is Employment Really Polarizing?
w26059 Philip Oreopoulos
Uros Petronijevic

The Remarkable Unresponsiveness of College Students to Nudging And What We Can Learn from It
w26055 Massimo Anelli
Gaetano Basso
Giuseppe Ippedico
Giovanni Peri

Youth Drain, Entrepreneurship and Innovation
w26047 Owen Thompson
Fertility Decline in the Civil Rights Era
w26033 Tomaz Cajner
Leland D. Crane
Ryan A. Decker
Adrian Hamins-Puertolas
Christopher Kurz

Improving the Accuracy of Economic Measurement with Multiple Data Sources: The Case of Payroll Employment Data
w26030 Timothy J. Halliday
Randall Q. Akee
Tetine Sentell
Megan Inada
Jill Miyamura

The Impact of Medicaid on Medical Utilization in a Vulnerable Population: Evidence from COFA Migrants
w26023 Rafael De Hoyos
Orazio Attanasio
Costas Meghir

Targeting High School Scholarships to the Poor: The Impact of a Program in Mexico
w26022 Lori L. Taylor
Kalena E. Cortes
Travis C. Hearn

Publication, Compensation, and the Public Affairs Discount: Does Gender Play a Role?
w26021 Victor Lavy
Rigissa Megalokonomou

Persistency in Teachers' Grading Bias and Effects on Longer-Term Outcomes: University Admissions Exams and Choice of Field of Study
w26016 Matthew Backus
Sida Peng

On Testing Continuity and the Detection of Failures
w26013 Kevin J. Boudreau
Matt Marx

From Theory to Practice: Field Experimental Evidence on Early Exposure of Engineering Majors to Professional Work
w26006 Harounan Kazianga
Leigh L. Linden
Ali Protik
Matthew Sloan

The Medium-Term Impacts of Girl-Friendly Schools: Seven-Year Evidence from School Construction in Burkina Faso
w26004 John R. Graham
Hyunseob Kim
Mark T. Leary

CEO-Board Dynamics
w25994 Nicholas Ingwersen
Harounan Kazianga
Leigh L. Linden
Arif Mamun
Ali Protik
Matthew Sloan

The Long-Term Impacts of Girl-Friendly Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w25990 Owen Thompson
School Desegregation and Black Teacher Employment
w25989 Nicholas Broten
Michael Dworsky
David Powell

How Do Alternative Work Arrangements Affect Income Risk After Workplace Injury?
w25986 David Card
Alessandra Fenizia
David Silver

The Health Impacts of Hospital Delivery Practices
w25982 Andreas Menzel
Christopher Woodruff

Gender Wage Gaps and Worker Mobility: Evidence from the Garment Sector in Bangladesh
w25976 Kate Bundorf
Maria Polyakova
Ming Tai-Seale

How do Humans Interact with Algorithms? Experimental Evidence from Health Insurance
w25973 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia K. Remler
Rosemary T. Hyson

Accounting for the Impact of Medicaid on Child Poverty
w25967 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna
Patricia Funk
Nagore Iriberri

Are Referees and Editors in Economics Gender Neutral?
w25964 Kalena E. Cortes
Hans D.U. Fricke
Susanna Loeb
David S. Song
Benjamin N. York

When Behavioral Barriers are Too High or Low - How Timing Matters for Parenting Interventions
w25963 Patrick Button
Do Tax Incentives Affect Business Location and Economic Development? Evidence from State Film Incentives
w25962 Andrew Goodman-Bacon
Lucie Schmidt

Federalizing Benefits: The Introduction of Supplemental Security Income and the Size of the Safety Net
w25955 Sylvie Démurger
Eric A. Hanushek
Lei Zhang

Employer Learning and the Dynamics of Returns to Universities: Evidence from Chinese Elite Education during University Expansion
w25954 Thibaut Lamadon
Magne Mogstad
Bradley Setzler

Imperfect Competition, Compensating Differentials and Rent Sharing in the U.S. Labor Market
w25948 Amalia R. Miller
Ragan Petrie
Carmit Segal

Does Workplace Competition Increase Labor Supply? Evidence from a Field Experiment
w25945 John Bound
Breno Braga
Gaurav Khanna
Sarah Turner

Public Universities: The Supply Side of Building a Skilled Workforce
w25942 Charles C. Brown
Daniel S. Hamermesh

Wages and Hours Laws: What Do We Know? What Can Be Done?
w25935 J. Aislinn Bohren
Kareem Haggag
Alex Imas
Devin G. Pope

Inaccurate Statistical Discrimination
w25932 Jonathan Gruber
Benjamin D. Sommers

The Affordable Care Act's Effects on Patients, Providers and the Economy: What We've Learned So Far
w25930 Richard K. Crump
Stefano Eusepi
Marc Giannoni
Ayşegül Şahin

A Unified Approach to Measuring u*
w25928 Nicola Bianchi
Michela Giorcelli

Scientific Education and Innovation: From Technical Diplomas to University STEM Degrees
w25926 Lourenço S. Paz
James E. West

Should We Trust Clustered Standard Errors? A Comparison with Randomization-Based Methods
w25924 Richard Murphy
Why Unions Survive: Understanding How Unions Overcome The Free-Rider Problem
w25922 John R. Graham
Hyunseob Kim
Si Li
Jiaping Qiu

Employee Costs of Corporate Bankruptcy
w25920 Guido Friebel
Matthias Heinz
Mitchell Hoffman
Nick Zubanov

What Do Employee Referral Programs Do?
w25918 Sylvain Chassang
Christian Zehnder

Secure Survey Design in Organizations: Theory and Experiments
w25917 Moshe A. Barach
Joseph M. Golden
John J. Horton

Steering in Online Markets: The Role of Platform Incentives and Credibility
w25823 Xavier D'Haultfoeuille
Arnaud Maurel
Xiaoyun Qiu
Yichong Zhang

Estimating Selection Models without Instrument with Stata
w25907 Bruce D. Meyer
Derek Wu
Victoria R. Mooers
Carla Medalia

The Use and Misuse of Income Data and Extreme Poverty in the United States
w25905 Benjamin M. Marx
Lesley J. Turner

Student Loan Choice Overload
w25904 Clément de Chaisemartin
Xavier D'Haultfoeuille

Two-way Fixed Effects Estimators with Heterogeneous Treatment Effects
w25902 Petra Persson
Maya Rossin-Slater

When Dad Can Stay Home: Fathers' Workplace Flexibility and Maternal Health
w25898 Silvia H. Barcellos
Leandro S. Carvalho
Patrick Turley

Distributional Effects of Education on Health
w25896 Lars J. Lefgren
Jaren C. Pope
David P. Sims

Contemporary State Policies and Intergenerational Income Mobility
w25886 Yen-Chien Chen
Elliott Fan
Jin-Tan Liu

Understanding the Mechanisms of Parental Divorce Effects on Child's Higher Education
w25885 Gaurab Aryal
Manudeep Bhuller
Fabian Lange

Signaling and Employer Learning with Instruments
w25883 Lena Edlund
Cecilia Machado

It's the Phone, Stupid: Mobiles and Murder
w25880 Emily Breza
Supreet Kaur
Nandita Krishnaswamy

Scabs: The Social Suppression of Labor Supply
w25876 John Beshears
James J. Choi
David Laibson
Brigitte C. Madrian
William L. Skimmyhorn

Borrowing to Save? The Impact of Automatic Enrollment on Debt
w25875 William R. Kerr
The Gift of Global Talent: Innovation Policy and the Economy
w25873 Panle Jia Barwick
Yanyan Liu
Eleonora Patacchini
Qi Wu

Information, Mobile Communication, and Referral Effects
w25870 Olesya Fomenko
Jonathan Gruber

Reclassification to Avoid Consumer Cost-Sharing in Group Health Plans
w25866 Achyuta Adhvaryu
Teresa Molina
Anant Nyshadham

Expectations, Wage Hikes, and Worker Voice: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w25865 Achyuta Adhvaryu
Namrata Kala
Anant Nyshadham

Management and Shocks to Worker Productivity
w25863 John J. Donohue
Steven D. Levitt

The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime over the Last Two Decades
w25859 Tim Johnson
Dalton Conley

Military Service and Public Sector Employment: Birthdates Called in the Vietnam Draft Lotteries Appear Excessively in the Population of Civilian U.S. Federal Personnel Records
w25858 Stefano DellaVigna
Devin Pope

Stability of Experimental Results: Forecasts and Evidence
w25857 Apostolos Filippas
John J. Horton
Joseph M. Golden

Reputation Inflation
w25854 Jon Kleinberg
Sendhil Mullainathan

Simplicity Creates Inequity: Implications for Fairness, Stereotypes, and Interpretability
w25852 Achyuta Adhvaryu
Anant Nyshadham
Jorge A. Tamayo

Managerial Quality and Productivity Dynamics
w25850 Patrick Button
Population Aging, Age Discrimination, and Age Discrimination Protections at the 50th Anniversary of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act
w25849 Patrick Button
Brigham Walker

Employment Discrimination against Indigenous Peoples in the United States: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w25843 Michael Bailey
Drew M. Johnston
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel
Arlene Wong

Peer Effects in Product Adoption
w25842 Hunt Allcott
Benjamin Lockwood
Dmitry Taubinsky

Should We Tax Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? An Overview of Theory and Evidence
w25841 Hunt Allcott
Benjamin Lockwood
Dmitry Taubinsky

Regressive Sin Taxes, With an Application to the Optimal Soda Tax
w25837 Arthur Turrell
Bradley J. Speigner
Jyldyz Djumalieva
David Copple
James Thurgood

Transforming Naturally Occurring Text Data Into Economic Statistics: The Case of Online Job Vacancy Postings
w25836 George J. Borjas
Immigration and Economic Growth
w25834 Michael Baker
Yosh Halberstam
Kory Kroft
Alexandre Mas
Derek Messacar

Pay Transparency and the Gender Gap
w25829 Todd E. Elder
David N. Figlio
Scott A. Imberman
Claudia L. Persico

School Segregation and Racial Gaps in Special Education Identification
w25822 Jack W. Britton
Jonathan Gruber

Do Income Contingent Student Loan Programs Distort Earnings? Evidence from the UK
w25819 Jerry A. Hausman
Haoyang Liu
Ye Luo
Christopher Palmer

Errors in the Dependent Variable of Quantile Regression Models
w25810 Marco Di Maggio
Ankit Kalda
Vincent Yao

Second Chance: Life without Student Debt
w25806 Dara Lee Luca
Michael Luca

Survival of the Fittest: The Impact of the Minimum Wage on Firm Exit
w25800 Judd B. Kessler
Corinne Low
Colin Sullivan

Incentivized Resume Rating: Eliciting Employer Preferences without Deception
w25799 Joshua S. Graff Zivin
Lisa B. Kahn
Matthew J. Neidell

Incentivizing Learning-By-Doing: The Role of Compensation Schemes
w25796 Sarah Cohodes
Elizabeth Setren
Christopher R. Walters

Can Successful Schools Replicate? Scaling Up Boston's Charter School Sector
w25788 Christopher Blattman
Stefan Dercon
Simon Franklin

Impacts of Industrial and Entrepreneurial Jobs on Youth: 5-year Experimental Evidence on Factory Job Offers and Cash Grants in Ethiopia
w25787 William H. Dow
Anna Godøy
Christopher A. Lowenstein
Michael Reich

Can Economic Policies Reduce Deaths of Despair?
w25786 Benjamin Friedrich
Lisa Laun
Costas Meghir
Luigi Pistaferri

Earnings Dynamics and Firm-Level Shocks
w25784 Jessica E. Pac
Ann P. Bartel
Christopher J. Ruhm
Jane Waldfogel

Paid Family Leave and Breastfeeding: Evidence from California
w25776 Richard Blundell
Monica Costa Dias
David A. Goll
Costas Meghir

Wages, Experience and Training of Women over the Lifecycle
w25763 Angela Cools
Raquel Fernández
Eleonora Patacchini

Girls, Boys, and High Achievers
w25761 Daniel Cooper
María José Luengo-Prado
Jonathan A. Parker

The Local Aggregate Effects of Minimum Wage Increases
w25749 François Gerard
Joana Naritomi

Job Displacement Insurance and (the Lack of) Consumption-Smoothing
w25746 Jason A. Aimone
Brittany Ward
James E. West

Dishonest Behavior: Sin Big or Go Home
w25739 Jeffrey T. Denning
Brian Jacob
Lars Lefgren
Christian vom Lehn

The Return to Hours Worked Within and Across Occupations: Implications for the Gender Wage Gap
w25738 Bruce D. Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

Combining Administrative and Survey Data to Improve Income Measurement
w25737 Bruce D. Meyer
Nikolas Mittag

An Empirical Total Survey Error Decomposition Using Data Combination
w25735 Marie Connolly
Miles Corak
Catherine Haeck

Intergenerational Mobility between and within Canada and the United States
w25732 Paolo Acciari
Alberto Polo
Giovanni L. Violante

"And Yet It Moves": Intergenerational Mobility in Italy
w25728 Giovanni Peri
Akira Sasahara

The Impact of Global Warming on Rural-Urban Migrations: Evidence from Global Big Data
w25727 Philipp Ager
Katherine Eriksson
Casper Worm Hansen
Lars Lønstrup

How the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Shaped Economic Activity in the American West
w25719 David W. Berger
Kyle F. Herkenhoff
Simon Mongey

Labor Market Power
w25716 Christian Dippel
Michael Poyker

How Common are Electoral Cycles in Criminal Sentencing?
w25715 Christian Dippel
Michael Poyker

Do Private Prisons Affect Criminal Sentencing?
w25709 David Albouy
Alex Chernoff
Chandler Lutz
Casey Warman

Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States
w25706 Matthew C. Harris
Yinan Liu
Ian McCarthy

Capacity Constraints and the Provision of Public Services: The Case of Workers in Public Health Clinics
w25705 Rafael Di Tella
Dani Rodrik

Labor Market Shocks and the Demand for Trade Protection: Evidence from Online Surveys
w25700 Philipp Ager
Leah Platt Boustan
Katherine Eriksson

The Intergenerational Effects of a Large Wealth Shock: White Southerners After the Civil War
w25697 Raquel Fernández
Sahar Parsa
Martina Viarengo

Coming out in America: AIDS, Politics, and Cultural Change
w25691 Magne Mogstad
Alexander Torgovitsky
Christopher R. Walters

Identification of Causal Effects with Multiple Instruments: Problems and Some Solutions
w25684 Daron Acemoglu
Pascual Restrepo

Automation and New Tasks: How Technology Displaces and Reinstates Labor
w25682 Daron Acemoglu
Pascual Restrepo

The Wrong Kind of AI? Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Labor Demand
w25679 Marianne Bertrand
Magne Mogstad
Jack Mountjoy

Improving Educational Pathways to Social Mobility: Evidence from Norway's "Reform 94"
w25678 Jonathan I. Dingel
Antonio Miscio
Donald R. Davis

Cities, Lights, and Skills in Developing Economies
w25675 Susan Athey
Mohsen Bayati
Guido Imbens
Zhaonan Qu

Ensemble Methods for Causal Effects in Panel Data Settings
w25671 Amanda E. Kowalski
Counting Defiers
w25670 Amanda E. Kowalski
A Model of a Randomized Experiment with an Application to the PROWESS Clinical Trial
w25659 Sharon Belenzon
Victor Manuel Bennett
Andrea Patacconi

Flexible Production and Entry: Institutional, Technological, and Organizational Determinants
w25648 Eric A. Hanushek
Paul E. Peterson
Laura M. Talpey
Ludger Woessmann

The Unwavering SES Achievement Gap: Trends in U.S. Student Performance
w25647 Zachary S. Fone
Joseph J. Sabia
Resul Cesur

Do Minimum Wage Increases Reduce Crime?
w25642 Manasi Deshpande
Tal Gross
Yalun Su

Disability and Distress: The Effect of Disability Programs on Financial Outcomes
w25639 Randall Akee
Maggie R. Jones

Immigrants' Earnings Growth and Return Migration from the U.S.: Examining their Determinants using Linked Survey and Administrative Data
w25630 Adam M. Lavecchia
Philip Oreopoulos
Robert S. Brown

Long-run Effects from Comprehensive Student Support: Evidence from Pathways to Education
w25628 John Grigsby
Erik Hurst
Ahu Yildirmaz

Aggregate Nominal Wage Adjustments: New Evidence from Administrative Payroll Data
w25626 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman

A Practical Method to Reduce Privacy Loss when Disclosing Statistics Based on Small Samples
w25625 Robert E. Hall
Marianna Kudlyak

Job-Finding and Job-Losing: A Comprehensive Model of Heterogeneous Individual Labor-Market Dynamics
w25622 Ricardo Perez-Truglia
The Effects of Income Transparency on Well-Being: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
w25620 Greer K. Gosnell
John A. List
Robert D. Metcalfe

The Impact of Management Practices on Employee Productivity: A Field Experiment with Airline Captains
w25612 Tito Boeri
Andrea Ichino
Enrico Moretti
Johanna Posch

Wage Equalization and Regional Misallocation: Evidence from Italian and German Provinces
w25608 Manisha Shah
Bryce Millett Steinberg

The Right to Education Act: Trends in Enrollment, Test Scores, and School Quality
w25602 Nicholas W. Papageorge
Victor Ronda
Yu Zheng

The Economic Value of Breaking Bad: Misbehavior, Schooling and the Labor Market
w25600 Barbara Biasi
School Finance Equalization Increases Intergenerational Mobility: Evidence from a Simulated-Instruments Approach
w25597 David G. Blanchflower
Andrew E. Clark

Children, Unhappiness and Family Finances: Evidence from One Million Europeans
w25593 Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Victor Chernozhukov
Francesca Molinari
Paul Schrimpf

Best Linear Approximations to Set Identified Functions: With an Application to the Gender Wage Gap
w25588 David Autor
Work of the Past, Work of the Future
w25586 Itzik Fadlon
Shanthi P. Ramnath
Patricia K. Tong

Market Inefficiency and Household Labor Supply: Evidence from Social Security's Survivors Benefits
w25585 Seth G. Benzell
Erik Brynjolfsson

Digital Abundance and Scarce Genius: Implications for Wages, Interest Rates, and Growth
w25577 Ariel J. Binder
John Bound

The Declining Labor Market Prospects of Less-Educated Men
w25574 David S. Lee
Pauline Leung
Christopher J. O'Leary
Zhuan Pei
Simon Quach

Are Sufficient Statistics Necessary? Nonparametric Measurement of Deadweight Loss from Unemployment Insurance
w25569 Courtney Coile
Mark Duggan

When Labor's Lost: Health, Family Life, Incarceration, and Education in a Time of Declining Economic Opportunity for Low-Skilled Men
w25565 J. David Brown
John S. Earle
Mee Jung Kim
Kyung Min Lee

Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Innovation in the U.S. High-Tech Sector
w25561 Kanin Anantanasuwong
Roy Kouwenberg
Olivia S. Mitchell
Kim Peijnenberg

Ambiguity Attitudes about Investments: Evidence from the Field
w25557 John Gathergood
Neale Mahoney
Neil Stewart
Jörg Weber

How Do Americans Repay Their Debt? The Balance-Matching Heuristic
w25552 Prasanna Tambe
Xuan Ye
Peter Cappelli

Paying to Program? Engineering Brand and High-Tech Wages
w25548 Jon Kleinberg
Jens Ludwig
Sendhil Mullainathan
Cass R. Sunstein

Discrimination In The Age Of Algorithms
w25546 Daniel G. Garrett
Eric C. Ohrn
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato

Tax Policy and Local Labor Market Behavior
w25540 Victor Stango
Jonathan Zinman

We are all Behavioral, More or Less: Measuring and Using Consumer-level Behavioral Sufficient Statistics
w25538 Hilary W. Hoynes
Jesse Rothstein

Universal Basic Income in the US and Advanced Countries
w25536 Robert J. Shiller
Narratives about Technology-Induced Job Degradations Then and Now
w25535 Gaia Dossi
David N. Figlio
Paola Giuliano
Paola Sapienza

Born in the Family: Preferences for Boys and the Gender Gap in Math
w25533 Matthias Doepke
Giuseppe Sorrenti
Fabrizio Zilibotti

The Economics of Parenting
w25532 Dmitry Arkhangelsky
Susan Athey
David A. Hirshberg
Guido W. Imbens
Stefan Wager

Synthetic Difference In Differences
w25528 Brigham R. Frandsen
Lars J. Lefgren
Emily C. Leslie

Judging Judge Fixed Effects
w25524 Henrik Kleven
Camille Landais
Johanna Posch
Andreas Steinhauer
Josef Zweimüller

Child Penalties Across Countries: Evidence and Explanations
w25518 Mary J. Lopez
Sita Slavov

Do Immigrants Delay Retirement and Social Security Claiming?
w25509 Sari Pekkala Kerr
William R. Kerr

Immigrant Networking and Collaboration: Survey Evidence from CIC
w25507 Richard B. Freeman
Wei Huang
Teng Li

Non-linear Incentives and Worker Productivity and Earnings: Evidence from a Quasi-experiment
w25501 Klenio Barbosa
Fernando V. Ferreira

Occupy Government: Democracy and the Dynamics of Personnel Decisions and Public Finances
w25497 Abhijit Banerjee
Emily Breza
Arun G. Chandrasekhar
Markus Mobius

Naive Learning with Uninformed Agents
w25496 Francesco D’Acunto
Daniel Hoang
Maritta Paloviita
Michael Weber

IQ, Expectations, and Choice
w25495 Eric Gould
Avi Simhon
Bruce A. Weinberg

Does Parental Quality Matter? Evidence on the Transmission of Human Capital Using Variation in Parental Influence from Death, Divorce, and Family Size
w25493 Alexander M. Bell
Raj Chetty
Xavier Jaravel
Neviana Petkova
John Van Reenen

Do Tax Cuts Produce More Einsteins? The Impacts of Financial Incentives vs. Exposure to Innovation on the Supply of Inventors
w25492 Simon Jäger
Benjamin Schoefer
Josef Zweimüller

Marginal Jobs and Job Surplus: A Test of the Efficiency of Separations
w25485 Yifan Gong
Ralph Stinebrickner
Todd R. Stinebrickner

Uncertainty about Future Income: Initial Beliefs and Resolution During College
w25484 Gary B. Gorton
Alexander K. Zentefis

Social Progress and Corporate Culture
w25480 Dora Costa
Noelle Yetter
Heather DeSomer

Wartime Health Shocks and the Postwar Socioeconomic Status and Mortality of Union Army Veterans and their Children
w25479 Caroline M. Hoxby
Sarah Turner

Measuring Opportunity in U.S. Higher Education
w25472 David N. Figlio
Umut Özek

An Extra Year to Learn English? Early Grade Retention and the Human Capital Development of English Learners
w25470 Ekaterina S. Jardim
Gary Solon
Jacob L. Vigdor

How Prevalent Is Downward Rigidity in Nominal Wages? Evidence from Payroll Records in Washington State
w25466 Steven J. Davis
John C. Haltiwanger

Dynamism Diminished: The Role of Housing Markets and Credit Conditions
w25460 Eric A. Hanushek
Addressing Cross-National Generalizability in Educational Impact Evaluation
w25456 Isaiah Andrews
Toru Kitagawa
Adam McCloskey

Inference on Winners
w25446 David A. Jaeger
Theodore J. Joyce
Robert Kaestner

Tweet Sixteen and Pregnant: Missing Links in the Causal Chain from Reality TV to Fertility
w25444 Leah Platt Boustan
Andrew Langan

Variation in Women's Success Across PhD Programs in Economics
w25442 Matthew Smith
Danny Yagan
Owen M. Zidar
Eric Zwick

Capitalists in the Twenty-First Century
w25438 George J. Borjas
Richard B. Freeman

From Immigrants to Robots: The Changing Locus of Substitutes for Workers
w25435 Morten Bennedsen
Elena Simintzi
Margarita Tsoutsoura
Daniel Wolfenzon

Do Firms Respond to Gender Pay Gap Transparency?
w25434 Doruk Cengiz
Arindrajit Dube
Attila Lindner
Ben Zipperer

The Effect of Minimum Wages on Low-Wage Jobs: Evidence from the United States Using a Bunching Estimator
w25425 Lawrence F. Katz
Alan B. Krueger

Understanding Trends in Alternative Work Arrangements in the United States
w25423 Haoran He
David Neumark
Qian Weng

Do Workers Value Flexible Jobs? A Field Experiment
w25417 Peter Ganong
Pascal J. Noel

Consumer Spending During Unemployment: Positive and Normative Implications

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