A Comparison of the United States and Canadian Banking Systems in the Twentieth Century: Stability vs. Efficiency?
This paper asks whether the vaunted comparative stability of the Canadian banking system has been purchased at the cost of creating an oligopoly. We assembled a data set that compares bank failures, lending rates, interest paid on deposits and related variables over the period 1920 to 1980. Our principal findings are that: (1) interest rates paid on deposits were generally higher in Canada; (2) interest income received on securities was generally slightly higher in Canada; (3) interest rates charged on loans were generally quite similar; (4) net rates of return to equity were generally higher in Canada than in the U.S..
"The U.S. Banking System from a Northern Exposure: Stability vs. Efficiency ." Journal of Economic History, Vol 54 (June 1994): 325-341.
R2085 same as wp title: in Anglo-American Financial Systems: Institutions and Markets in the Twentieth Century, Michael D. Bordo and Richard Sylla, eds., pp. 11-40, (Burr Ridge, IL: Irwin Professional Publishing, 1995).