Distributional Impacts of Retail Vaccine Availability
As countries transition from facing COVID-19 vaccine supply shortfalls to requiring novel strategies to facilitate vaccination, modern retail chains—often designed and located to target particular demographic groups—are a potential vaccine delivery vehicle. Using geospatial data, we quantify the proximity to vaccines created by a U.S. federal program that distributes vaccines to commercial retail pharmacies. We then quantify the impact of a proposal to provide vaccines at Dollar General, a low-priced general merchandise retailer. We show that adding Dollar General to the federal program would substantially decrease the distance to vaccine sites for low-income and minority U.S. households.
We acknowledge research support from the Tobin Center at Yale University. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Judith A. Chevalier
I do not have financial conflicts of interest related to any of the companies mentioned in this research.