Identifying and Estimating Neighborhood Effects
Residential segregation by race and income are enduring features of urban America. Understanding the effects of residential segregation on educational attainment, labor market outcomes, criminal activity and other outcomes has been a leading project of the social sciences for over half a century. This paper describes techniques for measuring the effects of neighborhood of residence on long run life outcomes.
I am thankful to the editor, Steven Durlauf, for encouragement, support, intellectual input and patience. The final version of the paper reflects many improvements suggested by the six referees, each of whom prepared detailed and thoughtful reports. Financial support from NSF grant SES #1357499 is gratefully acknowledged. All the usual disclaimers apply. The stylized facts reported below are largely based on confidential geocoded versions of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 1997 cohorts (i.e., NLSY79 & NLSY97). Details for replicating these statistics can be found in Graham and Sharkey (2013) and and on the author's webpage. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Bryan S. Graham, 2018. "Identifying and Estimating Neighborhood Effects," Journal of Economic Literature, vol 56(2), pages 450-500. citation courtesy of