NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

As the Wind Blows: The Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution on Mortality

Michael L. Anderson

NBER Working Paper No. 21578
Issued in September 2015
NBER Program(s):The Program on Aging, The Environment and Energy Program, The Health Economics Program, The Public Economics Program

There is strong evidence that short-run fluctuations in air pollution negatively impact infant health and contemporaneous adult health, but there is less evidence on the causal link between long-term exposure to air pollution and increased adult mortality. This project estimates the impact of long-term exposure to air pollution on mortality by leveraging quasi-random variation in pollution levels generated by wind patterns near major highways. We combine geocoded data on the residence of every decedent in Los Angeles over three years, high-frequency wind data, and Census Short Form data. Using these data, we estimate the effect of downwind exposure to highway-generated pollutants on the age-specific mortality rate by using bearing to the nearest major highway as an instrument for pollution exposure. We find that doubling the percentage of time spent downwind of a highway increases mortality among individuals 75 and older by 3.6 to 6.8 percent. These estimates are robust and economically significant.

download in pdf format
   (8258 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21578

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Kaushal, Lu, Denier, Wang, and Trejo w21591 Immigrant Employment and Earnings Growth in Canada and the U.S.: Evidence from Longitudinal Data
Akee, Simeonova, Costello, and Copeland w21562 How Does Household Income Affect Child Personality Traits and Behaviors?
Herrnstadt and Muehlegger w21787 Air Pollution and Criminal Activity: Evidence from Chicago Microdata
Deryugina, Heutel, Miller, Molitor, and Reif w22796 The Mortality and Medical Costs of Air Pollution: Evidence from Changes in Wind Direction
Mullahy w21593 Estimation of Multivariate Probit Models via Bivariate Probit
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us