Ode to the sea: Workplace Organizations and Norms of Cooperation

Uri Gneezy, Andreas Leibbrandt, John A. List

NBER Working Paper No. 20234
Issued in June 2014
NBER Program(s):The Environment and Energy Program, The Labor Studies Program

The functioning and well-being of any society and organization critically hinges on norms of cooperation that regulate social activities. Empirical evidence on how such norms emerge and in which environments they thrive remains a clear void in the literature. To provide an initial set of insights, we overlay a set of field experiments in a natural setting. Our approach is to compare behavior in Brazilian fishermen societies that differ along one major dimension: the workplace organization. In one society (located by the sea) fishermen are forced to work in groups whereas in the adjacent society (located on a lake) fishing is inherently an individual activity. We report sharp evidence that the sea fishermen trust and cooperate more and have greater ability to coordinate group actions than their lake fishermen counterparts. These findings are consistent with the argument that people internalize social norms that emerge from specific needs and support the idea that socio-ecological factors play a decisive role in the proliferation of pro-social behaviors.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20234

Published: Uri Gneezy & Andreas Leibbrandt & John A. List, 2015. "Ode to the Sea: Workplace Organizations and Norms of Cooperation," The Economic Journal, , pages n/a-n/a. citation courtesy of

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