Education and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment
We examine the effects of a major Swedish educational reform, that increased the years of compulsory schooling, on mortality and health. Using the gradual phase-in of the reform between 1949 and 1962 across municipalities, we estimate insignificant effects of the reform on mortality in the affected cohorts. From the confidence intervals we can rule out effects larger than 1-1.4 months of increased life expectancy. We find no significant impacts on mortality for individuals of low SES backgrounds, on deaths that are more likely to be affected by behavior, on hospitalizations, and consumption of prescribed drugs.
Previously circulated as "Education, Health and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment." We thank the editor Alexandre Mas, two anonymous referees, Douglas Almond, Anne Case, Meltem Daisal, Angus Deaton, Sergei Koulayev, Ilona Koupil, Amanda Kowalski, Ilyana Kuziemko, Per Pettersson Lidbom, Adriana Lleras-Muney, Bentley McLeod, Doug Miller, Sendhil Mullainathan, Torsten Persson, Diane Schanzenbach and Kosali Simon as well as from participants in seminars at Tufts University, Princeton University, the University of New Hampshire, Case Western Reserve University, SOFI, CHESS and IIES at Stockholm University as well as at the Nordic Summer Institute in Labor Economics at the Faroe Islands and the IHEA conference in Toronto for helpful comments on earlier drafts of the paper. Financial support from the IFAU is gratefully acknowledged. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Costas Meghir & Mårten Palme & Emilia Simeonova, 2018. "Education and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, vol 10(2), pages 234-256. citation courtesy of