Is Tanzania a Success Story? A Long Term Analysis

Sebastian Edwards

NBER Working Paper No. 17764
Issued in January 2012

---- Acknowledgments ----

Many people helped me with this work. In Dar es Salaam I was fortunate to discuss a number of issues pertaining to the Tanzanian economy with Professor Samuel Wangwe, Professor Haidari Amani, Dr. Kipokola, Dr. Hans Hoogeveen, Mr. Rugumyamheto, Professor Joseph Semboja, Dr. Idris Rashid, Professor Mukandala, and Dr. Brian Cooksey. I am grateful to Professor Benno Ndulu for his hospitality and many good discussions. I thank David N. Weil for his useful and very detailed comments on an earlier (and much longer) version of the paper. Gerry Helleiner was kind enough as to share with me a chapter of his memoirs. I thank Jim McIntire and Paolo Zacchia from the World Bank, and Roger Nord and Chris Papagiorgiou from the International Monetary Fund for sharing their views with me. I thank Mike Lofchie for many illuminating conversations, throughout the years, on the evolution of Tanzania's political and economic systems. I am grateful to Steve O'Connell for discussing with me his work on Tanzania, and to Anders Aslund for helping me understand the Nordic countries' position on development assistance in Africa. Comments by the participants at the National Bureau of Economic Research "Africa Conference," held in Zanzibar in August 2011, were particularly helpful. I am grateful to Kathie Krumm for introducing me, many years ago, to the development challenges faced by the East African countries, and for persuading me to spend some time working in Tanzania in 1992. Juan Marcos Wlasiuk, a devoted Africanist and a great friend, provided wonderful research assistance in Los Angeles. I also thank my students at UCLA's Anderson Graduate School of Management for providing helpful insights on Tanzania's political, business and economic environment. Finally, I thank Elisa Pepe from the National Bureau of Economic Research for her amazing support throughout this project. The kind financial support of the NBER Africa Project is gratefully acknowledged. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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