NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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The Real Exchange Rate as a Tool of Commercial Policy

Michael Mussa

NBER Working Paper No. 1577
Issued in March 1985
NBER Program(s):The International Trade and Investment Program, The International Finance and Macroeconomics Program

This paper develops a dynamic, rational expectations model that generalizes both the standard, two-country, two-commodity model of real trade theory and the "dependent economy" model of open economy macroeconomics. This model is used to show how a variety of government policies can affect the real exchange rate (defined as the relative price of domestic goods in terms of foreign goods) and thereby replicate some of the effects of commercial policy. The policies considered include temporary and expected future shifts in the distribution of government spending, temporary general tax reductions financed by the issuance of government debt, controls on international capital movements, and policies that combine a fixed path of the nominal exchange rate and a fixed path of the nominal money supply (supported by sterilized official intervention in the foreign exchange market).

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w1577

Published: Mussa, Michael. "The Effects of Commercial, Fiscal, Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies on the Real Exchange Rate,"Economic Adjustment and Exchange Rates in Developing Countries, edited by S. Edwards and Liquat Ahamed. Chicago: UCP (1986)

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