Spatial Mismatch, Immigrant Networks, and Hispanic Employment in the United States
We study the relationship between Hispanic employment and location-specific measures of the distribution of jobs. We find that it is only the local density of jobs held by Hispanics that matters for Hispanic employment, that measures of local job density defined for Hispanic poor English speakers or immigrants are more important, and that the density of jobs held by Hispanic poor English speakers are most important for the employment of these less-skilled Hispanics than for other Hispanics. This evidence is consistent with labor market networks being an important influence on the employment of less-skilled Hispanics, as is evidence from other sources. We also find that in MSAs where the growth rates of the Hispanic immigrant population have been highest, which are also MSAs with historically low Hispanic populations, localized job density for low-skilled jobs is even more important for Hispanic employment than in the full sample. We interpret this evidence as consistent with the importance of labor market networks, as strong labor market networks are likely to have been especially important in inducing Hispanics to migrate, and because of these networks employment in these "new immigrant" cities is especially strongly tied to the local availability of jobs.
This research was supported by NICHD grant R01HD042806. The research in this paper was conducted while McInerney was employed by the U.S. Census Bureau. We are grateful to two anonymous referees for helpful comments. We thank Kyle Handley for outstanding research assistance. This paper has undergone a Census Bureau review more limited in scope than that given to official Census Bureau publications. It has been screened to ensure that no confidential information is revealed. Research results and conclusions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily indicate concurrence by the Census. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Judith K. Hellerstein & Melissa Mcinerney & David Neumark, 2010. "Spatial Mismatch, Immigrant Networks, and Hispanic Employment in the United States," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 99-100, pages 141-167. citation courtesy of