Education and Income Gradients in Longevity: The Role of Policy
Education and income are strong predictors of health and longevity. In the last 20 years many efforts have been made to understand if these relationships are causal and what the possible role of policy should be as a result. The evidence from various studies is ambiguous: the effects of education and income policies on health are heterogeneous and vary over time, and across places and populations. I discuss explanations for these disparate results and suggest directions for future research.
This paper is based on the lecture entitled “Public Policy and Population Health” given at the Canadian Economic Association Meetings of 2021. I am grateful to Sherry Glied for providing comments on an early draft. This first part of this paper draws heavily on an earlier piece I wrote with Galama and van Kipperluis (Galama et al. 2018). All errors are my own. I did not receive any funding for this research. I have no relevant and material financial relationships to disclose. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Adriana Lleras‐Muney, 2022. "Education and income gradients in longevity: The role of policy," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, vol 55(1), pages 5-37.