NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Monetary Policy, Corporate Finance and Investment

James Cloyne, Clodomiro Ferreira, Maren Froemel, Paolo Surico

NBER Working Paper No. 25366
Issued in December 2018
NBER Program(s):The Monetary Economics Program

We provide new evidence on how monetary policy affects investment and firm finance in the United States and the United Kingdom. Younger firms paying no dividends exhibit the largest and most significant change in capital expenditure - even after conditioning on size, asset growth, Tobin's Q, leverage or liquidity - and drive the response of aggregate investment. Older companies, in contrast, hardly react at all. After a monetary policy tightening, net worth falls considerably for all firms but borrowing declines only for younger non-dividend payers, as their external finance is mostly exposed to asset value fluctuations. Conversely, cash flows change less markedly and more homogeneously across groups. Our findings highlight the role of firm finance and financial frictions in amplifying the effects of monetary policy on investment.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w25366

 
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