The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany

Peter B. Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew M. Piszczek, Christopher J. Ruhm

NBER Working Paper No. 21746
Issued in November 2015
NBER Program(s):Economics of Aging, Labor Studies, Public Economics

In the coming years, a substantial portion of Germany’s workforce will retire, making it difficult for businesses to meet human capital needs. Training older workers may be a successful strategy for managing this demographic transition. This study examines relationships between establishment training programs, wages, and retirement among older men and women. Using unique matched establishment-employee data from Germany, the authors find that when establishments offer special training programs targeted at older workers, women—and especially lower wage women—are less likely to retire. Results suggest this relationship may be due to greater wage growth. For men, findings suggest establishment offer of inclusion in standard training programs may improve retention of low wage men, but analysis of pre-existing differences in establishment retirement patterns suggests this relationship may not be causal. Our research suggests targeted training programs likely play an important role in retaining and advancing careers of low wage older women.

download in pdf format
   (437 K)

email paper

A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the March 2016 NBER Digest.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Digest by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21746

Published: Peter B. Berg & Mary K. Hamman & Matthew M. Piszczek & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2016. "The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany," International Labour Review, .

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Gustman, Steinmeier, and Tabatabai w21736 Declining Wealth and Work Among Male Veterans in the Health and Retirement Study
Hamilton w14492 Understanding Crude Oil Prices
Ohanian, Restrepo-Echavarria, and Wright w21744 Bad Investments and Missed Opportunities? Postwar Capital Flows to Asia and Latin America
Bartel, Rossin-Slater, Ruhm, Stearns, and Waldfogel w21747 Paid Family Leave, Fathers’ Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households
Schaller and Zerpa w21745 Short-run Effects of Parental Job Loss on Child Health
NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us