Intellectual Property Rights and Access to Innovation: Evidence from TRIPS
---- Acknowledgments ----
We thank Tahir Amin, Iain Cockburn, Carsten Fink, Craig Garthwaite, Intan Hamdan-Livramento, Bhaven Sampat, Mark Schankerman, Tavneet Suri, and seminar participants at CERGE-EI, Copenhagen Business School, DIW Berlin, Duke, KU Leuven, Mannheim, MINES ParisTech, Northwestern, and the NBER Summer Institute, Peking University, Tsinghua University, the University of Hong Kong, andWIPO for useful comments and suggestions. Intan Hamdan-Livramento, Sumner LaCroix, andWalter Park generously shared their datasets on IPRs at the country level. Kyle thanks Pfizer for access to the IMS data used. The views expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors, and we are responsible for all errors. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.