Asset Pricing in the Dark: The Cross Section of OTC Stocks
Over-the-counter (OTC) stocks are far less liquid, disclose less information, and exhibit lower institutional holdings than listed stocks. We exploit these different market conditions to test theories of cross-sectional return premiums. Compared to premiums in listed markets, the OTC illiquidity premium is several times higher, the size, value, and volatility premiums are similar, and the momentum premium is three times lower. The OTC illiquidity, size, value, and volatility premiums are largest among stocks held predominantly by retail investors and those not disclosing financial information. Theories of differences in investors' opinions and limits on short sales help explain these return premiums.
The authors thank Bill Aronin for providing MarketQA data. We appreciate helpful comments from Andrew Karolyi (editor), David Hirshleifer (executive editor), two anonymous referees, Randy Cohen, Kent Daniel, Larry Harris, Cam Harvey, Narasimhan Jegadeesh, Charles Jones, Tyler Shumway, Rossen Valkanov, and Adrien Verdelhan. We are also grateful to seminar participants at the Western Finance Association meetings and at the following universities: Arizona, Berkeley, Columbia, Michigan, North Carolina, Stanford, and Virginia. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Andrew Ang & Assaf A. Shtauber & Paul C. Tetlock, 2013. "Asset Pricing in the Dark: The Cross-Section of OTC Stocks," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 26(12), pages 2985-3028. citation courtesy of