The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States
This paper explores the geographic overlap of trade and technology shocks across local labor markets in the United States. Regional exposure to technological change, as measured by specialization in routine task-intensive production and clerical occupations, is largely uncorrelated with regional exposure to trade competition from China. While the impacts of technology are present throughout the United States, the impacts of trade tend to be more geographically concentrated, owing in part to the spatial agglomeration of labor-intensive manufacturing. Our findings suggest that it should be possible to separately identify the impacts of recent changes in trade and technology on U.S. regional economies.
Autor and Hanson acknowledge funding from the National Science Foundation (grant SES-1227334). Dorn acknowledges funding from the the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (award JCI2011-09709 and grant ECO2010-16726). The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
David H. Autor & David Dorn & Gordon H. Hanson, 2013. "The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(3), pages 220-25, May. citation courtesy of