The African Growth Miracle
Measures of real consumption based upon the ownership of durable goods, the quality of housing, the health and mortality of children, the education of youth and the allocation of female time in the household indicate that sub-Saharan living standards have, for the past two decades, been growing about 3.4 to 3.7 percent per annum, i.e. three and a half to four times the rate indicated in international data sets.
I am grateful to Chad Jones, Pete Klenow, Ben Olken and anonymous referees for very helpful comments and to Measure DHS for making their data publicly available The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Alwyn Young, 2012. "The African Growth Miracle," Journal of Political Economy, vol 120(4), pages 696-739.