TY - JOUR
AU - Borjas, George J
AU - Doran, Kirk B
TI - The Collapse of the Soviet Union and the Productivity of American Mathematicians
JF - National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series
VL - No. 17800
PY - 2012
Y2 - February 2012
DO - 10.3386/w17800
UR - http://www.nber.org/papers/w17800
L1 - http://www.nber.org/papers/w17800.pdf
N1 - Author contact info:
George J. Borjas
Harvard Kennedy School
79 JFK Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Tel: 617/495-1393
Fax: 617/495-9532
E-Mail: gborjas@harvard.edu
Kirk B. Doran
3060 Jenkins Nanovic Halls
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN 46556
E-Mail: kdoran@nd.edu
M2 - featured in NBER digest on 2012-05-25
AB - It has been difficult to open up the black box of knowledge production. We use unique international data on the publications, citations, and affiliations of mathematicians to examine the impact of a large post-1992 influx of Soviet mathematicians on the productivity of their American counterparts. We find a negative productivity effect on those mathematicians whose research overlapped with that of the Soviets. We also document an increased mobility rate (to lower-quality institutions and out of active publishing) and a reduced likelihood of producing "home run" papers. Although the total product of the pre-existing American mathematicians shrank, the Soviet contribution to American mathematics filled in the gap. However, there is no evidence that the Soviets greatly increased the size of the "mathematics pie." Finally, we find that there are significant international differences in the productivity effects of the collapse of the Soviet Union, and that these international differences can be explained by both differences in the size of the émigré flow into the various countries and in how connected each country is to the global market for mathematical publications.
ER -