Into College, Out of Poverty? Policies to Increase the Postsecondary Attainment of the Poor
We review the experimental and quasi-experimental research evidence on the causal relationship between college costs and educational attainment, with a particular focus on low-income populations. The weight of the evidence indicates that reducing college costs can increase college entry and persistence. Simple and transparent programs appear to be most effective. Programs that link money to incentives and/or the takeup of academic support services appear to be particularly effective.
We thank the Robin Hood Foundation for supporting this research. The views expressed herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
College Aid, David Deming, Susan Dynarski. in Targeting Investments in Children: Fighting Poverty When Resources are Limited, Levine and Zimmerman. 2010