NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

School Quality and the Black-White Achievement Gap

Eric A. Hanushek, Steven G. Rivkin

NBER Working Paper No. 12651
Issued in October 2006
NBER Program(s):Program on Children, Economics of Education Program, Labor Studies Program, Public Economics Program, Health Economics Program

Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that schools have a substantial effect on the differential. The majority of the expansion of the achievement gap with age occurs between rather than within schools, and specific school and peer factors exert a significant effect on the growth in the achievement gap. Unequal distributions of inexperienced teachers and of racial concentrations in schools can explain all of the increased achievement gap between grades 3 and 8. Moreover, non-random sample attrition for school changers and much higher rates of special education classification and grade retention for blacks appears to lead to a significant understatement of the increase in the achievement gap with age within the ECLS and other data sets.

download in pdf format
   (295 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w12651

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Clotfelter, Ladd, and Vigdor w12207 The Academic Achievement Gap in Grades 3 to 8
Page, Murnane, and Willett w14213 Trends in the Black-White Achievement Gap:Clarifying the Meaning of Within- and Between-School Achievement Gaps
Hanushek and Rivkin w14211 Harming the Best: How Schools Affect the Black-White Achievement Gap
Fryer and Levitt w11049 The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade
Dobbie and Fryer w15473 Are High Quality Schools Enough to Close the Achievement Gap? Evidence from a Social Experiment in Harlem
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us