Smoke Signals: Adolescent Smoking and School Continuation

Philip J. Cook, Rebecca Hutchinson

NBER Working Paper No. 12472
Issued in August 2006
NBER Program(s):Children, Economics of Education, Health Economics

This paper presents an exploratory analysis using NLSY97 data of the relationship between the likelihood of school continuation and the choices of whether to smoke or drink. We demonstrate that in the United States as of the late 1990s, smoking in 11th grade was a uniquely powerful predictor of whether the student finished high school, and if so whether the student matriculated in a four-year college. For economists the likely explanation for this empirical link would be based on interpersonal differences in time preference, but that account is called in question by our second finding -- that drinking does not predict school continuation. We speculate that the demand for tobacco by high school students is influenced by the signal conveyed by smoking (of being off track in school), one that is especially powerful for high-aptitude students. To further develop this view, we present estimates of the likelihood of smoking as a function of school commitment and other, more traditional variables. There are no direct implications from this analysis for whether smoking is in some sense a cause of school dropout. We offer some speculations on this matter in the conclusion.

download in pdf format
   (205 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w12472

Published: Bianchi, Marina (ed.) Advances in Austrian Economics Vol. 10, The Evolution of Consumption: Theories and Practices. 2007.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Cook, MacCoun, Muschkin, and Vigdor w12471 Should Sixth Grade be in Elementary or Middle School? An Analysis of Grade Configuration and Student Behavior
Carpenter and Cook w13046 Cigarette Taxes and Youth Smoking: New Evidence from National, State, & Local Youth Risk Behavior Surveys
Ding and Lehrer w12305 Do Peers Affect Student Achievement in China's Secondary Schools?
Walker, Tekin, and Wallace w13386 Teen Smoking and Birth Outcomes
DeSimone and Wolaver w11035 Drinking and Academic Performance in High School
NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us