Healing the Wounds: Learning from Sierra Leone's Postwar Institutional Reforms

Katherine Casey, Rachel Glennerster, Edward Miguel

Chapter in NBER book African Successes, Volume I: Government and Institutions (2016), Sebastian Edwards, Simon Johnson, and David N. Weil, editors (p. 15 - 32)
Published in September 2016 by University of Chicago Press
© 2016 by the National Bureau of Economic Research
in Research on Africa

While its recent history of civil war, chronic poverty and corrupt governance would cause many to dismiss Sierra Leone as a hopeless case, the country's economic and political performance over the last decade has defied expectations. We examine how several factors--including the legacy of war, ethnic diversity, decentralization and community-driven development (CDD)--have shaped local institutions and national political dynamics. The story that emerges is a nuanced one: war does not necessarily destroy the capacity for local collective action; ethnicity affects residential choice, but does not impede local public goods provision; while politics remain heavily ethnic, voters are willing to cross ethnic boundaries when they have better information about candidates; decentralization can work even where capacity is limited, although the results are mixed; and for all of its promise, CDD does not appear to transform local institutions nor social norms. All of these findings are somewhat "unexpected," but they are quite positive in signaling that even one of the world's poorest, most violent and ethnically diverse societies can overcome major challenges and progress towards meaningful economic and political development.

download in pdf format
   (189 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

This chapter first appeared as NBER working paper w18368, Healing the Wounds: Learning from Sierra Leone's Post-war Institutional Reforms, Katherine Casey, Rachel Glennerster, Edward Miguel
Users who downloaded this chapter also downloaded* these:
Edwards Is Tanzania a Success Story? A Long-Term Analysis
Caldeira, Foucault, and Rota-Graziosi Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin
Acemoglu, Chaves, Osafo-Kwaako, and Robinson Indirect Rule and State Weakness in Africa: Sierra Leone in Comparative Perspective
Davies and Dessy The Political Economy of Government Revenues in Postconflict Resource-Rich Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Casey, Glennerster, and Miguel w18368 Healing the Wounds: Learning from Sierra Leone's Post-war Institutional Reforms
NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us