NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Fariha Kamal

U.S. Bureau of the Census
4600 Silver Hill Road
Washington, D.C 20233

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: U.S. Census Bureau

NBER Working Papers and Publications

January 2020Rising Import Tariffs, Falling Export Growth: When Modern Supply Chains Meet Old-Style Protectionism
with Kyle Handley, Ryan Monarch: w26611
We examine the impacts of the 2018-2019 U.S. import tariff increases on U.S. export growth through the lens of supply chain linkages. Using 2016 confidential firm-trade linked data, we document the implied incidence and scope of new import tariffs. Firms that eventually faced tariff increases on their imports accounted for 84% of all exports and represented 65% of manufacturing employment. For all affected firms, the implied cost is $900 per worker in new duties. To estimate the effect on U.S. export growth, we construct product-level measures of import tariff exposure of U.S. exports from the underlying firm micro data. More exposed products experienced 2 percentage point lower growth relative to products with no exposure. The decline in exports is equivalent to an ad valorem tariff on U...
October 2019A Portrait of U.S. Factoryless Goods Producers
in The Challenges of Globalization in the Measurement of National Accounts, Nadim Ahmad, Brent Moulton, J. David Richardson, and Peter van de Ven, editors
October 2018A Portrait of U.S. Factoryless Goods Producers
w25193
This paper evaluates the U.S. Census Bureau’s most recent data collection efforts to classify business entities that engage in an extreme form of production fragmentation called “factoryless” goods production. “Factoryless” goods-producing entities outsource physical transformation activities while retaining ownership of the intellectual property and control of sales to customers. Responses to a special inquiry on the incidence of purchases of contract manufacturing services in combination with data on production inputs and outputs, intellectual property, and international trade is used to identify and document characteristics of “factoryless” firms in the U.S. economy.
 
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