Do Report Cards Predict Future Quality? The Case of Skilled Nursing Facilities
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Report cards on provider performance are intended to improve consumer decision-making and address information gaps in the market for quality. However, inadequate risk adjustment of report-card measures often biases comparisons across providers. We test whether going to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) with a higher star rating affects outcomes for a patient. We exploit variation over time in the distance from a patient’s residential ZIP code to SNFs with different ratings to estimate the causal effect of admission to a higher-rated SNF on health care outcomes, including mortality. We found that patients who go to higher-rated SNFs experience lower mortality, fewer days in the nursing home, and fewer hospital readmissions.
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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w25940
Published: Cornell, Portia Y. & Grabowski, David C. & Norton, Edward C. & Rahman, Momotazur, 2019. "Do report cards predict future quality? The case of skilled nursing facilities," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 208-221.