NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Distributional Effects of Education on Health

Silvia H. Barcellos, Leandro S. Carvalho, Patrick Turley

NBER Working Paper No. 25898
Issued in May 2019
NBER Program(s):Aging, Children, Economics of Education, Health Economics, Labor Studies

This paper studies distributional effects of education on health. In 1972, England, Scotland, and Wales raised their minimum school-leaving age from 15 to 16 for students born after 9/1/1957. Using a regression discontinuity design and objective health measures for 0.27 million individuals, we find that education reduced body size and increased blood pressure in middle age. The reduction in body size was concentrated at the upper tail of the distribution with a 7.5 percentage point reduction in obesity. The increase in blood pressure was concentrated at the lower tail of the distribution with no effect on stage 2 hypertension.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w25898

 
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