NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
loading...

Seeing and Hearing: The Impacts of New York City's Universal Prekindergarten Program on the Health of Low-Income Children

Kai Hong, Kacie Dragan, Sherry Glied

NBER Working Paper No. 23297
Issued in March 2017
NBER Program(s):Children, Economics of Education, Health Care, Health Economics

Prior research suggests that high quality universal pre-kindergarten (UPK) programs can generate lifetime benefits, but the mechanisms generating these effects are not well-understood. In 2014, New York City made all 4-year-old children eligible for high-quality UPK programs that emphasized developmental screening. We examine the effect of this program on the health and healthcare utilization of children enrolled in Medicaid using a difference-in-regression discontinuity design that exploits both the introduction of UPK and the fixed age cut-off for enrollment. The introduction of UPK increased the probability that a child was diagnosed with asthma or with vision problems, received treatment for hearing or vision problems, or received a screening during the prekindergarten year. UPK accelerated the timing of diagnoses of vision problems. We do not find any increases in injuries, infectious diseases, or overall utilization. These effects are not offset by lower screening rates in the kindergarten year, suggesting that one mechanism through which UPK might generate benefits is that it accelerates the rate at which children are identified with conditions that could potentially delay learning and cause behavioral problems. We do not find significant effects of having a child who was eligible for UPK on mothers’ health, fertility, or healthcare utilization.

download in pdf format
   (437 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23297

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Chen, Chevalier, Rossi, and Oehlsen w23296 The Value of Flexible Work: Evidence from Uber Drivers
Dharmapala, Foley, and Forbes w15023 Watch What I Do, Not What I Say: The Unintended Consequences of the Homeland Investment Act
Demirci, Huang, and Sialm w23310 Government Debt and Corporate Leverage: International Evidence
Swanson w23311 Measuring the Effects of Federal Reserve Forward Guidance and Asset Purchases on Financial Markets
Noguchi Land Prices and House Prices in Japan
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us