High-Skilled Immigration, STEM Employment, and Non-Routine-Biased Technical Change
We study the role of foreign-born workers in the growth of employment in STEM occupations since 1980. Given the importance of employment in these fields for research and innovation, we consider their role in a model featuring endogenous non-routine-biased technical change. We use this model to quantify the impact of high-skilled immigration, and the increasing tendency of such immigrants to work in innovation, on the pace of non-routine-biased technical change, the polarization of employment opportunities, and the evolution of wage inequality since 1980.
We thank David Green, Valerie Ramey, and participants at the Bank of Canada Labour Workshop and NBER Global Talent SI Conference for valuable comments and discussion. Siu thanks the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for support. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
High-Skilled Immigration, STEM Employment, and Nonroutine-Biased Technical Change, Nir Jaimovich, Henry E. Siu. in High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences, Hanson, Kerr, and Turner. 2018