Finishing Degrees and Finding Jobs: US Higher Education and the Flow of Foreign IT Workers
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The rising importance of Information Technology (IT) occupations in the U.S. economy has been accompanied by an expansion in the representation of high-skill foreign-born IT workers. To illustrate, the share of foreign born in IT occupations increased from about 15.5 percnet to about 31.5 percent between 1993 and 2010, with this increased representation particularly marked among those younger than 45. This analysis focuses on understanding the role that US higher education and immigration policy play in this transformation. A degree from a US college/university is an important pathway to participation in the US IT labor market, and the foreign-born who obtain US degree credentials are particularly likely to remain in the US. Many workers from abroad, including countries like India and China where wages in IT fields lag those in the US, receive a substantial return to finding employment in the US, even as temporary work visa policies may limit their entry. Limits on temporary work visas, which are particularly binding for those educated abroad, likely increase the attractiveness of degree attainment from US colleges and universities as a pathway to explore opportunities in the US labor market in IT.
Funding for me
Sloan Foundation: Pathways to Science and Engineering Employment, PI