The disability determination procedure used in the Netherlands relies on a rich set of standardized measures of functional capacity that are explicitly linked to standardized measures of functional requirements of occupations. This identifies the specific jobs applicants can perform. In this project, we apply the Dutch assessment procedure to a nationally representative sample of Americans, including people with disabilities, building on a pre-existing collaboration with the Dutch social security administration (UWV). We first conduct a detailed review of the disability assessment process in the Netherlands, drawing on government documents and interviews with UWV employees. We then apply the Dutch assessment method to the U.S. sample, and estimate work capacity in the U.S. sample by linking functional capacity data to the Dutch database of job requirements.