Department of Economics
Lewiston, ME 04240
Institutional Affiliation: Bates College
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2020||The Effects of E-Cigarette Taxes on E-Cigarette Prices and Tobacco Product Sales: Evidence from Retail Panel Data|
with , , , , : w26724
We estimate effects of e-cigarette taxes enacted in eight states and two large counties on e-cigarette prices, e-cigarette sales, and sales of other tobacco products. We use Nielsen Retail Scanner data from 2011 to 2017, comprising approximately 35,000 retailers nationally. We develop a method to standardize e-cigarette taxes as adopting localities have taxed these products in heterogeneous ways. We estimate a tax-to-price pass-through rate of 1.5. We calculate a Herfindahl–Hirschman Index of 0.245 for e-cigarette retail purchases, indicating a moderately to highly concentrated market that has been theoretically linked to over-shifting of taxes. We then calculate an e-cigarette own-price elasticity of -1.3 and positive cross-price elasticities of demand between e-cigarettes and traditional...
|College Access and Adult Health|
with : w26685
We investigate the relationship between college openings, college attainment, and health behaviors and outcomes later in life. Though a large prior literature attempts to isolate the causal effect of education on health via instrumental variables (IV), most studies use instruments that affect schooling behavior in childhood or adolescence, i.e. before the college enrollment decision. Our paper examines whether an increase in 2- and 4-year institutions per capita (“college accessibility”) in a state contributes to higher college attainment and better health later in life. Using 1980-2015 Census and American Community Survey data, we find consistent evidence that accessibility of public 2-year institutions positively affects schooling attainment and subsequent employment and earnings levels,...