Luis Felipe Munguia Corella
Department of Economics
University of California, Irvine
3151 Social Science Plaza
Irvine, CA 92697
Institutional Affiliation: UCI
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|December 2019||Older Workers Need Not Apply? Ageist Language in Job Ads and Age Discrimination in Hiring|
with Ian Burn, Patrick Button, David Neumark: w26552
We study the relationships between ageist stereotypes – as reflected in the language used in job ads – and age discrimination in hiring, exploiting the text of job ads and differences in callbacks to older and younger job applicants from a previous resume (correspondence study) field experiment (Neumark, Burn, and Button, 2019). Our analysis uses methods from computational linguistics and machine learning to directly identify, in a field-experiment setting, ageist stereotypes that underlie age discrimination in hiring. We find evidence that language related to stereotypes of older workers sometimes predicts discrimination against older workers. For men, our evidence points most strongly to age stereotypes about physical ability, communication skills, and technology predicting age discrimin...
|November 2019||Do Minimum Wages Reduce Employment in Developing Countries? A Survey and Exploration of Conflicting Evidence|
with David Neumark: w26462
Evidence from studies of the employment effects of minimum wages in developing countries is mixed. One interpretation is that there is simply no clear evidence of disemployment effects in developing countries. Instead, however, we find evidence that the heterogeneity is systematic, with estimated effects more consistently negative when institutional factors or the competitive model predict more negative effects – for vulnerable workers, in the formal sector, and when minimum wage laws are strong and binding. That is, the evidence points to negative employment effects of minimum wages in developing countries when more features of estimates predict negative employment effects.