José Antonio Ocampo
New York, NY 10027
Institutional Affiliation: Columbia University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|November 2019||Capital Controls: Theory and Evidence|
with Bilge Erten, Anton Korinek: w26447
This paper synthesizes recent advances in the theoretical and empirical literature on capital controls. We start by observing that international capital flows have both benefits and costs, but some of these are not internalized by individual actors and thus constitute externalities. The theoretical literature has identified pecuniary externalities and aggregate demand externalities that respectively contribute to financial instability and recessions. These externalities provide a natural rationale for counter-cyclical capital controls that lean against boom and busts cycles in international capital flows. The empirical literature has developed several measures of capital controls to capture different aspects of capital account openness. We evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different...
|September 2017||Real Exchange Rate Policies for Economic Development|
with Martin Guzman, Joseph E. Stiglitz: w23868
This paper analyzes the role of real exchange rate (RER) policies in promoting economic development. Markets provide a suboptimal amount of investment in sectors characterized by learning spillovers. We show that a stable and competitive RER policy may correct for this externality and other related market failures. The resulting development of these sectors leads to overall faster economic growth. A system of effectively multiple exchange rates is required when spillovers across different tradable sectors differ. The impact of RER policies is increased when they are complemented by traditional industrial policies that increase the elasticity of the aggregate supply to the RER. Among the instruments required to implement a stable and competitive RER are interventions in the foreign exchan...
Published: Martin Guzman & Jose Antonio Ocampo & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2018. "Real exchange rate policies for economic development," World Development, vol 110, pages 51-62. citation courtesy of