International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPR
Institutional Affiliation: International Food Policy Research Institute
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2018||Value for Money? Community Targeting in Vote-Buying and Politician Accountability|
with Dana Foarta, Rohini Pande, Laura Ralston: w24194
Community targeting of vote payments — defined as the saturation of entire neighborhoods with cash prior to elections — is widespread in the developing world. In this paper, we utilize laboratory experiments conducted in the U.S. and Kenya to demonstrate that, relative to individual targeting, a vote-buying regime that distributes payments widely renders voters more tolerant of politician rent-seeking, and increases the level of politician rent-seeking observed in equilibrium. The most parsimonious model of preferences consistent with these patterns is a model in which both politicians and voters are characterized by multifaceted social preferences, encompassing reciprocity, altruism, and inequality aversion.
|January 2017||Misallocation, Selection and Productivity: A Quantitative Analysis with Panel Data from China|
with Tasso Adamopoulos, Loren Brandt, Diego Restuccia: w23039
We use household-level panel data from China and a quantitative framework to document the ex- tent and consequences of factor misallocation in agriculture. We find that there are substantial frictions in both the land and capital markets linked to land institutions in rural China that disproportionately constrain the more productive farmers. These frictions reduce aggregate agricultural productivity in China by affecting two key margins: (1) the allocation of resources across farmers (misallocation) and (2) the allocation of workers across sectors, in particular the type of farmers who operate in agriculture (selection). We show that selection can substantially amplify the static misallocation effect of distortionary policies by affecting occupational choices that worsen the distribution o...
|May 2016||Maternal Education, Parental Investment and Non-Cognitive Skills in Rural China|
with Elaine M. Liu: w22233
The importance of non-cognitive skills in determining long-term human capital and labor market outcomes is widely acknowledged, but relatively little is known about how educational investments by parents may respond to non-cognitive skills early in life. This paper evaluates the parental response to variation in non-cognitive skills among their children in rural Gansu province, China, employing a household fixed effects specification; non-cognitive skills are defined as the inverse of both externalizing challenges (behavioral problems and aggression) and internalizing challenges (anxiety and withdrawal). The results suggest that on average, parents invest no more in terms of educational expenditure in children who have better non-cognitive skills relative to their siblings. However, there ...