University of Nottingham
Institutional Affiliations: University of Nottingham and CEPR
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2020||The Franchise, Policing, and Race: Evidence from Arrests Data and the Voting Rights Act|
with , : w27463
This paper investigates the relationship between the franchise and law enforcement practices using evidence from the Voting Rights Act (VRA) of 1965. We find that, following the VRA, black arrest rates fell in counties that were both covered by the legislation and had a large number of newly enfranchised black voters. We uncover no corresponding patterns for white arrest rates. The reduction in black arrest rates is driven by less serious offenses, for which police might have more enforcement discretion. Importantly, our results are driven by arrests carried out by sheriffs - who are always elected. While there are no corresponding changes for municipal police chiefs in aggregate, we do find similar patterns in covered counties with elected rather than appointed chiefs. We also show that o...
|April 2005||Protection for Sale with Imperfect Rent Capturing|
with , : w11269
Structurally estimating the Grossman and Helpman (1994) model using coverage ratios that include non-tariff barriers leads to biased parameter estimates. We develop a "protection for sale" theoretical framework consistent with the data, by explicitly allowing for non-tariff barriers. Introducing partial rent capturing we obtain a testable specification which finds support in the data. Our results suggest that average rent capturing is in the order of 72-75 percent.
Published: Facchini, Giovanni, Johannes Van Biesebroeck and Gerald Willmann. "Protection for Sale with Imperfect Rent Capturing." Canadian Journal of Economics 39,3 (August 2006): 845-873. citation courtesy of