International Food Policy Research Institute
1201 Eye St NW
Washington, DC 20005
Institutional Affiliation: International Food Policy Research Institute
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2020||Modeling the Impacts of Agricultural Support Policies on Emissions from Agriculture|
with Abdullah Mamun, Will Martin, Valeria Piñeiro, Rob Vos: w27202
To understand the impacts of support programs on global emissions, this paper considers the impacts of domestic subsidies, price distortions at the border, and investments in emission-reducing technologies on global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture. In a step towards a full evaluation of the impacts, it uses a counterfactual global model scenario showing how much emissions from agricultural production would change if agricultural support were abolished worldwide. The analysis indicates that, without subsidies paid directly to farmers, output of some emission-intensive activities and agricultural emissions would be smaller. Without agricultural trade protection, however, emissions would be higher. This is partly because protection reduces global demand more than it increases ...
|November 2018||The Crucial Role of International Trade in Adaptation to Climate Change|
with Christophe Gouel: w25221
Climate change effects on agricultural yields will be uneven over the world with a few countries, mostly in high latitudes, that may experience gains, while most will see average yield decrease. This paper aims at quantifying the role of international trade in attenuating the effects of climate change by allowing the expression of the new climate-induced pattern of comparative advantages. To do this, we develop a quantitative general equilibrium trade model where the representation of acreage and land use choices is inspired from modern Ricardian trade models but also consistent with theoretical and empirical literature on land use choices. The model is calibrated on spatially explicit information about potential yields before and after climate change coming from the agronomic literature. ...