Department of Economics
School of Liberal Arts
425 University Boulevard
Cavanaugh Hall, Room 516
Indianapolis, IN 46202
Institutional Affiliation: Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|January 2017||The Effect of State Medicaid Expansions on Prescription Drug Use: Evidence from the Affordable Care Act|
with Kosali Simon, Benjamin D. Sommers: w23044
This study provides a national analysis of how the 2014 Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansions have affected aggregate prescription drug utilization. Given the prominent role of prescription medications in the management of chronic conditions, as well as the high prevalence of unmet health care needs in the population newly eligible for Medicaid, the use of prescription drugs represents an important measure of the ACA’s policy impact. Prescription drug utilization also provides insights into whether insurance expansions have increased access to physicians, since obtaining these medications requires interaction with a health care provider. We use 2013-2015 data from a large, nationally representative, all-payer pharmacy transactions database to examine effects on overall prescription...
|September 2015||The Effect of Medicaid on Adult Hospitalizations: Evidence from Tennessee’s Medicaid Contraction|
with Kosali Simon: w21580
The 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansions aimed to improve access to care and health status among low-income non-elderly adults. Previous work has established a link between Medicaid coverage expansion and reduced mortality (Sommers, Baicker and Epstein, 2012), but the mechanism of this reduction is not clearly understood. Prior to the ACA, one of the largest policy changes in non-elderly adult Medicaid access was a 2005 contraction through which nearly 170,000 enrollees lost Medicaid coverage in Tennessee. We exploit this change in Medicaid coverage to estimate its causal impact on inpatient hospitalizations. We find evidence that the contraction decreased the share of hospitalizations covered by Medicaid by 21 percent and increased the share uninsured by nearly 61 percent, ...