On the Measurement of Upstreamness and Downstreamness in Global Value Chains
---- Acknowledgments ----
We are grateful to Lorenzo Caliendo, Thibault Fally, Gene Grossman, Lili Yan Ing, and John Romalis for helpful comments, as well as to Jiacheng (Jack) Feng for extremely valuable research assistance. Antràs acknowledges support from the NSF (proposal #1628852). Chor acknowledges support from the Global Production Networks Center at the National University of Singapore (GPN@NUS). The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.