Human Decisions and Machine Predictions

Jon Kleinberg, Himabindu Lakkaraju, Jure Leskovec, Jens Ludwig, Sendhil Mullainathan

NBER Working Paper No. 23180
Issued in February 2017

---- Acknowledgments ----

We are immensely grateful to Mike Riley for meticulously and tirelessly spearheading the data analytics, with effort well above and beyond the call of duty. Thanks to David Abrams, Matt Alsdorf, Molly Cohen, Alexander Crohn, Gretchen Ruth Cusick, Tim Dierks, John Donohue, Mark DuPont, Meg Egan, Elizabeth Glazer, Judge Joan Gottschall, Nathan Hess, Karen Kane, Leslie Kellam, Angela LaScala-Gruenewald, Charles Loeffler, Anne Milgram, Lauren Raphael, Chris Rohlfs, Dan Rosenbaum, Terry Salo, Andrei Shleifer, Aaron Sojourner, James Sowerby, Cass Sunstein, Michele Sviridoff, Emily Turner, and Judge John Wasilewski for valuable assistance and comments, to Binta Diop, Nathan Hess, and Robert Webber for help with the data, to David Welgus and Rebecca Wei for outstanding work on the data analysis, to seminar participants at Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon, Harvard, Michigan, the National Bureau of Economic Research, New York University, Northwestern, Stanford and the University of Chicago for helpful comments, to the Simons Foundation for its support of Jon Kleinberg's research, to the Stanford Data Science Initiative for its support of Jure Leskovec’s research, to the Robert Bosch Stanford Graduate Fellowship for its support of Himabindu Lakkaraju and to Susan and Tom Dunn, Ira Handler, and the MacArthur, McCormick and Pritzker foundations for their support of the University of Chicago Crime Lab and Urban Labs. The main data we analyze are provided by the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS), and the Office of Court Administration. The opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not those of DCJS. Neither New York State nor DCJS assumes liability for its contents or use thereof. The paper also includes analysis of data obtained from the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan. Any errors and all opinions are our own. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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