Disability Insurance, Population Health and Employment in Sweden
This paper describes the development of population health and disability insurance utilization for older workers in Sweden and analyzes the relation between the two. We use three different measures of population health: (1) the mortality rate (measured between 1950 and 2009); (2) the prevalence of different types of health deficiencies obtained from Statistics Sweden's Survey on Living Conditions (ULF, 1975-2005); (3) the utilization of health care from the inpatient register (1968-2008). We also study the development of the relative health between disability insurance recipients and non-recipients. Finally, we study the effect of the introduction of less strict eligibility criteria for older workers in 1970 and 1972 as well as the subsequent abolishment of these rules in 1991 and 1997, respectively.
This paper is a part of the National Bureau of Economic Research project International Social Security. We are grateful to Agneta Kruse and Peter Skogman Thoursie as well as participants on seminars at the ISS meeting for comments on previous drafts of the paper. We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, the Swedish Council for Working Life and Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius' Foundation. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
J onsson, L., M. Palme and I. Svensson (2012), \Disability Insurance, Population Health, and Employment in Sweden", in David A. Wise (ed.), Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms , Chicago: University of Chicago Press.