The Determinants of Food Aid Provisions to Africa and the Developing World
We examine the supply-side and demand-side determinants of global bilateral food aid shipments between 1971 and 2008. First, we find that domestic food production in developing countries is negatively correlated with subsequent food aid receipts, suggesting that food aid receipt is partly driven by local food shortages. Interestingly, food aid from some of the largest donors is the least responsive to production shocks in recipient countries. Second, we show that U.S. food aid is partly driven by domestic production surpluses, whereas former colonial ties are an important determinant for European countries. Third, amongst recipients, former colonial ties are especially important for African countries. Finally, aid flows to countries with former colonial ties are less responsive to recipient production, especially for African countries.
We gratefully acknowledge funding from the NBER Africa Project. We thank Eva Ng, Sayon Deb and Katherine Wilson for valuable research assistance. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.
The Determinants of Food-Aid Provisions to Africa and the Developing World, Nathan Nunn, Nancy Qian. in African Successes, Volume IV: Sustainable Growth, Edwards, Johnson, and Weil. 2016