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If the size of the full data file is too large and distances for only a handful of ZIPs is required, then running the calculations for the necessary ZIP codes only using the ZCTA centroid data file might be one helpful approach.

ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTA) are from Census 2000 SF1, Census 2010 SF1, and Gazetteer files.

2010 and 2000 Decennial Census Short Form (SF1) ZCTA-level data for is also available.

Jean Roth created the SAS, Stata, and CSV distance files to make the data easier to use.

The size of the file increases with the radius. Smaller files (<= 25 or <= 50 miles) may be easier to use if only ZIP Code distances <= 25 or <= 50 miles respectively are needed. The ∞ has all combinations of ZIP Codes.

Information that might be helpful for opening the large files in Access or Excel is available.

Updates and changes.

Census ZCTA Centroids

Year File Types
1990 dta, sas, csv, desc
2000 dta, sas, csv, desc
2010 dta, sas, csv, desc
2015 dta, sas, csv, desc
2016 dta, sas, csv, desc

Census Zip Code Distance Data

Year Zip Code Distance (mi) File Types
1990 25 dta, sas, csv, desc
1990 50 dta, sas, csv, desc
1990 100 dta, sas, csv, desc
1990 500 dta, sas, csv, desc
1990 dta, sas, csv, desc
2000 25 dta, sas, csv, desc
2000 50 dta, sas, csv, desc
2000 100 dta, sas, csv, desc
2000 500 dta, sas, csv, desc
2000 dta, sas, csv, desc
2010 25 dta, sas, csv, desc
2010 50 dta, sas, csv, desc
2010 100 dta, sas, csv, desc
2010 500 dta, sas, csv, desc
2010 dta, sas, csv, desc
2015 25 dta, sas, csv, desc
2015 50 dta, sas, csv, desc
2015 100 dta, sas, csv, desc
2015 500 dta, sas, csv, desc
2015 dta, sas, csv, desc
2016 25 dta, sas, csv, desc
2016 50 dta, sas, csv, desc
2016 100 dta, sas, csv, desc
2016 500 dta, sas, csv, desc
2016 dta, sas, csv, desc

Contact data@nber.org with questions, comments, or suggestions.

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