News : Spring 2019
Martin Feldstein, 1939–2019
Renowned Economist and NBER President Emeritus
Martin Feldstein, president of the NBER for nearly 30 years, George F. Baker Professor of Economics at Harvard University, chair of the President's Council of Economic Advisers from 1982 to 1984, and one of the most prolific and influential economists of the last half century, passed away on Tuesday, June 11. He was 79.
Feldstein's leadership of the NBER had a profound and lasting effect on applied economic research. He was appointed president of the NBER in 1977 and, aside from his years of CEA service, served in this role until 2008. He transformed the organization and created the network structure that today encompasses nearly 1,600 affiliated scholars. He moved the NBER headquarters from New York City to Cambridge, launched the NBER Summer Institute and regular meetings of program groups, and promoted NBER working papers as an important channel for dissemination of economic research. Feldstein recognized the value of enhanced communication, at conferences and through sharing pre-publication manuscripts, in advancing research progress. He authored or coauthored 165 NBER working papers and edited 19 NBER books.
Feldstein pioneered the use of data collected from household surveys and corporate databases to study a wide range of questions in public policy. He played a key role in shaping the modern fields of public and health economics. His dissertation, which analyzed the efficiency of the National Health Service in the United Kingdom, helped launch the field of health economics. His research on Social Security and unemployment insurance called attention to the effect of these programs on saving, retirement, and labor supply. He documented the way taxes affect the behavior of households and firms, focusing in particular on how taxes on investment and saving could discourage capital accumulation and slow long-term economic growth.
Feldstein graduated from Harvard College in 1961 and received his D.Phil. in Economics from Oxford University, where he was an Official Fellow of Nuffield College. He joined the Harvard faculty in 1967, became a tenured professor of economics in 1969, and was appointed the George F. Baker Professor of Economics in 1984. For over two decades, he taught an introductory economics course, "Social Analysis 10" or "Ec 10," which was often the largest undergraduate course at Harvard College. He was also a celebrated graduate teacher and dissertation adviser. Many of his students have gone on to influential careers in academia and public policy making.
In 1977, Feldstein received the John Bates Clark Medal of the American Economic Association, an award presented to an economist under the age of 40 judged to have made the greatest contribution to economic science. In recognizing the breadth of Feldstein's work, the prize citation described his research as "covering an astonishing array of economic methods and problems." He served as president of the American Economic Association in 2004.
Feldstein played an active role in public policy discussions for more than four decades. In addition to chairing President Reagan's Council of Economic Advisers, he served on President Obama's Economic Recovery Advisory Board. He was a trustee of the Council on Foreign Relations, a member of the Trilateral Commission and the Group of 30, and a frequent contributor to The Wall Street Journal. He wrote broadly on economic policy issues.
Feldstein was widely celebrated for his academic accomplishments. He was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the British Academy, the Econometric Society, and the National Association of Business Economists, and was the recipient of several honorary degrees. Feldstein is survived by his wife, Kathleen, also an economist, two daughters, and four grandchildren.
The NBER is collecting remembrances from those who would like to acknowledge Martin Feldstein's contributions and influence, but have not otherwise contacted the Feldstein family. Please send such messages, ideally as an email attachment, on letterhead, and limited to a single page, to Ms. Debby Nicholson at firstname.lastname@example.org.
John S. Clarkeson, 1942–2019
John S. Clarkeson, who was elected as an at-large member of the NBER Board of Directors in 2001 and served as vice-chair from 2005 until 2008 and board chair from 2008 until 2011, passed away unexpectedly in May after a brief illness. He was 76.
Clarkeson, who graduated from Harvard College and Harvard Business School, spent his career of more than 40 years at the Boston Consulting Group, including a highly successful time as CEO between 1986 and 1997. On his watch, the firm grew from about 300 to more than 3000 employees worldwide, and became established as one of the world's leading consultancies.
Clarkeson was an active member of the NBER board and a long-serving member of its executive and nominating committees. He played an especially significant role in advancing the conflict of interest disclosure policy for NBER affiliates. He was also a trustee of INSEAD, Wellesley College, and the Educational Testing Service, and a board member at a number of firms. He was honored by the New England chapter of the National Association of Corporate Directors as its "Director of the Year for Corporate Governance" in 2016.
New Research Associates, Faculty Research Fellows Named
The NBER Board of Directors appointed 14 research associates at its April 2019 meeting. New research associates, who must be tenured faculty members at North American colleges or universities, are recommended to the board by the directors of the NBER's 20 research programs, typically after consultation with a steering committee of leading scholars in the program area. Two of the new research associates were previously faculty research fellows.
Faculty research fellows, who are appointed by the NBER president, must hold primary academic appointments in North America. They also are recommended by program directors and their steering committees in the culmination of a highly competitive process that begins with a call for nominations in January. Candidates are evaluated based on their research records and their capacity to contribute to the NBER's activities. This year, 246 researchers were nominated for faculty research fellowships; 47 were appointed.
The 61 newly-appointed researchers are affiliated with 35 different colleges and universities. They completed graduate studies at 29 different institutions. On May 1, there were 1,219 NBER research associates and 345 faculty research fellows.
The newly appointed researchers, their universities, and their NBER program affiliations, are listed below. Entries in italics indicate research associates who were promoted from the rank of faculty research fellows.
- Francisco Buera, Washington University in St. Louis, Economic Fluctuations and Growth
- Davin Chor, Dartmouth College, International Trade and Investment
- Isil Erel, Ohio State University, Corporate Finance
- Nicole Fortin, University of British Columbia, Labor Studies
- Erica Fuchs, Carnegie Mellon University, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship
- Jessica Goldberg, University of Maryland, Development Economics
- Fabian Lange, McGill University, Labor Studies
- Benjamin Moll, Princeton University, Economic Fluctuations and Growth
- Daniel Rees, University of Colorado at Denver, Health Economics
- Aysegul Sahin, University of Texas at Austin, Monetary Economics
- Angelino Viceisza, Spelman College, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship
- Alessandra Voena, University of Chicago, Labor Studies
- Maisy Wong, University of Pennsylvania, Development of the American Economy
- Leeat Yariv, Princeton University, Political Economy
Faculty Research Fellows
- Anjali Adukia, University of Chicago, Economics of Education
- Jennie Bai, Georgetown University, Asset Pricing
- Jie Bai, Harvard University, Development Economics
- Scott Baker, Northwestern University, Public Economics
- Silvia Barcellos, University of Southern California, Aging
- Lauren Bergquist, University of Michigan, Development Economics
- Judson Boomhower, University of California at San Diego, Environmental and Energy Economics
- Fiona Burlig, University of Chicago, Environmental and Energy Economics
- Patrick Button, Tulane University, Aging
- Eric Chyn, University of Virginia, Public Economics
- Zach Cooper, Yale University, Health Care
- Clement de Chaisemartin, University of California at Santa Barbara, Economics of Education
- Wenxin Du, University of Chicago, Asset Pricing
- Mark Egan, Harvard University, Corporate Finance
- Michael Ewens, California Institute of Technology, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship
- Maryam Farboodi, MIT, Asset Pricing
- Adam Guren, Boston University, Monetary Economics
- Kyle Handley, University of Michigan, International Trade and Investment
- Tatiana Homonoff, New York University, Public Economics
- John Horton, New York University, Labor Studies
- Gaston Illanes, Northwestern University, Industrial Organization
- Ruixue Jia, University of California at San Diego, Political Economy
- Réka Juhász, Columbia University, Development of the American Economy
- Krzysztof Karbownik, Emory University, Children
- Ethan Lieber, University of Notre Dame, Health Care
- Ilse Lindenlaub, Yale University, Economic Fluctuations and Growth
- Michael Luca, Harvard University, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship
- Issac Mbiti, University of Virginia, Development Economics
- Robert Metcalfe, Boston University, Environment and Energy Economics
- Ferdinando Monte, Georgetown University, International Trade and Investment
- Erik Nesson, Ball State University, Health Economics
- Pablo Ottonello, University of Michigan, International Finance and Macroeconomics
- Analisa Packham, Miami University, Children
- Nitya Pandalai-Nayar, University of Texas at Austin, International Finance and Macroeconomics
- Santiago Pérez, University of California at Davis, Development of the American Economy
- Giorgia Piacentino, Columbia University, Corporate Finance
- Tobias Salz, MIT, Industrial Organization
- Raul Sanchez de le Sierra, University of California at Berkeley, Political Economy
- Heather Sarsons, University of Chicago, Labor Studies
- Molly Schnell, Northwestern University, Health Care
- Ludwig Straub, Harvard University, Monetary Economics
- Pietro Tebaldi, University of Chicago, Industrial Organization
- Owen Thompson, Williams College, The Program on Children
- Andrea Vedolin, Boston University, Asset Pricing
- Kevin Williams, Yale University, Industrial Organization
- Jack Willis, Columbia University, Development Economics
- Constantine Yannelis, University of Chicago, Education